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Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 15–21 | Cite as

Surface flood and underground flood in Xiangxi River Karst Basin: Characteristics, models, and comparisons

  • Mingming Luo
  • Zhihua ChenEmail author
  • Dechao Yin
  • Hamza Jakada
  • He Huang
  • Hong Zhou
  • Tao Wang
Article

Abstract

Xiangxi River Basin, located in western Hubei Province in central China, is a karst ridge-trough area with an inhomogeneous and complicated distribution of water resources. This paper compares the characteristics of surface and subsurface floods in this karst basin, utilizing a one-parameter Darcian model and the traditional exponential model. The observed hydrographs and inferred water components are strikingly similar for surface and subsurface floods. The Darcian model and the exponential model are based on different views of the flood generation process, with the former fitting the entire hydrograph with a single time constant, and the latter fitting only the recession limb with multiple time constants. Due to the anisotropy and heterogeneity of karst media, a combination of physical and chemical techniques including the use of 3S (remote sensing, geographical information system, global positioning system) method is proposed for an enhanced hydrological investigation to assess and characterize karst water resources in mountainous areas.

Key Words

Xiangxi River karst basin surface flood underground flood hydrogeologic model recession coefficient water resource assessment 

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingming Luo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Zhihua Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dechao Yin
    • 2
  • Hamza Jakada
    • 1
  • He Huang
    • 1
  • Hong Zhou
    • 2
  • Tao Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environmental StudiesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Geological Survey of China University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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