The Journal of Physiological Sciences

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 339–347 | Cite as

Effect of menstrual cycle on thermal perception and autonomic thermoregulatory responses during mild cold exposure

  • Mayumi Matsuda-NakamuraEmail author
  • Saki Yasuhara
  • Kei Nagashima
Original Paper


We investigated the effects of menstrual cycle phase on thermal sensation, thermal pleasantness, and autonomic thermoregulatory responses during mild cold exposure. Eight healthy young women participated. Experiments were conducted in the follicular and luteal phases: 120 min exposure at 23.5 °C after 40-min at a baseline temperature of 29 °C. Body core temperature was higher (P = 0.01) in the luteal phase than in the follicular phase. Thermal sensation of the whole body (P = 0.59), hands (P = 0.46), and toes (P = 0.94), and thermal pleasantness of the whole body (P = 0.79) were no different between phases. In both phases, mean skin temperature decreased (P = 0.00) in the same manner without any change in metabolic rate (P = 0.90). These results suggest the change of body core temperature in the menstrual cycle phases has no effect on thermal perception of cold or on autonomic cold-defense response.


Thermal sensation Thermal pleasantness Thermoregulation Cold exposure Estradiol Progesterone 



This study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), no. 20390066, from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Physiological Society of Japan and Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mayumi Matsuda-Nakamura
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saki Yasuhara
    • 1
  • Kei Nagashima
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Body Temperature and Fluid Laboratory, Faculty of Human SciencesWaseda UniversityTokorozawaJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Applied Brain SciencesWaseda UniversityTokorozawaJapan

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