Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic imaging of an unusual congenital left ventricular diverticulum

  • Keisuke KawaiEmail author
  • Hiroshi Watanabe
  • Minoru Hasokawa
  • Masakazu Nanahoshi
  • Hiroshi Yamabe
  • Seiichi Kobayashi
Case image in cardiovascular ultrasound


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Keisuke Kawai, Hiroshi Watanabe, Minoru Hasokawa, Masakazu Nanahoshi, Hiroshi Yamabe and Seiichi Kobayashi declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human rights statement

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (WMV 1297 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (WMV 1344 kb)

12574_2019_442_MOESM3_ESM.wmv (588 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (WMV 587 kb)
12574_2019_442_MOESM4_ESM.wmv (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 4 (WMV 1355 kb)


  1. 1.
    Cresti A, Cannarile P, Aldi E, et al. Multimodality imaging and clinical significance of congenital ventricular outpouchings: recesses, diverticula, aneurysms, clefts, and crypts. J Cardiovasc Echogr. 2018;28(1):9–17.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu J, Zhang X, Li X, et al. Three-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of a giant congenital diverticulum of the left ventricular outflow tract. Int J Cardiol. 2015;178:1–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Park SD, Shin SH, Kim DH, et al. Three-dimensional contrast echocardiography in assessing left ventricular diverticulum. Echocardiography. 2012;29(9):E230–2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scardigno AD, Chieppa DRR, Deluca G, et al. Isolated congenital left ventricular diverticulum: a case report and differential diagnosis. J Cardiovasc Echogr. 2016;26(1):19–21.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haegeli LM, Ercin E, Wolber T, et al. Arrhythmic manifestations in patients with congenital left ventricular aneurysms and diverticula. Am J Cardiol. 2011;108(12):1826–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Echocardiography 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal MedicineKasai City HospitalKasaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Clinical LaboratoryKasai City HospitalHyogoJapan

Personalised recommendations