Hemodynamic vise in obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
We acknowledge Ms. Vasanthi S, retired Artist-B, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, for the illustration.
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy, and Ajitkumar Valaparambil declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human rights statements and informed consent
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the study. No patient identity particulars have been disclosed.
Supplementary material 1 (MP4 2265 kb)
- 1.Kouchoukos NT, Blackstone EH, Hanley FL, Kirklin JK. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. In: Kirklin/Barratt-Boyes Cardiac Surgery. 4th ed. Elsevier/Saunders; 2013. p. 1196–8.Google Scholar