Journal of Echocardiography

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 164–166 | Cite as

Hemodynamic vise in obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection

  • Arun GopalakrishnanEmail author
  • Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy
  • Ajitkumar Valaparambil
Case image in cardiovascular ultrasound



We acknowledge Ms. Vasanthi S, retired Artist-B, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, for the illustration.


This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy, and Ajitkumar Valaparambil declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human rights statements and informed consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the study. No patient identity particulars have been disclosed.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 2265 kb)


  1. 1.
    Kouchoukos NT, Blackstone EH, Hanley FL, Kirklin JK. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. In: Kirklin/Barratt-Boyes Cardiac Surgery. 4th ed. Elsevier/Saunders; 2013. p. 1196–8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lucas RV, Lock JE, Tandon R, et al. Gross and histologic anatomy of total anomalous pulmonary venous connections. Am J Cardiol. 1988;62:292–300.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Echocardiography 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CardiologySree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramIndia

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