Journal of Echocardiography

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 46–47 | Cite as

A case of prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis with massive vegetation underestimated by conventional two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography: efficacy of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography

  • Miho Mitsui
  • Akihisa KataokaEmail author
  • Kumiko Konno
  • Takatoshi Kitazawa
  • Naoyuki Yokoyama
  • Tomoki Shimokawa
  • Ken Kozuma
Case image in cardiovascular ultrasound


Infective Endocarditis Aortic Valve Replacement Transesophageal Echocardiography Valve Leaflet Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Mitsui Miho, Akihisa Kataoka, Kumiko Konno, Takatoshi Kitazawa, Naoyuki Yokoyama, Tomoki Shimokawa and Ken Kozuma declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human rights statements and informed consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the case report.

Supplementary material

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  1. 1.
    Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, et al. ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis: The Task Force for the Management of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Endorsed by: European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). Eur Heart J. 2015;36:3075–128. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehv319.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Vieira ML, Grinberg M, Pomerantzeff PM, et al. Repeated echocardiographic examinations of patients with suspected infective endocarditis. Heart. 2004;90:1020–4.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Saby L, Laas O, Habib G, et al. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography for diagnosis of prosthetic valve endocarditis: increased valvular 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake as a novel major criterion. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;61:2374–82.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu YW, Tsai WC, Lin CC, et al. Usefulness of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2009;43:318–23.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Echocardiography 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miho Mitsui
    • 1
  • Akihisa Kataoka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kumiko Konno
    • 1
  • Takatoshi Kitazawa
    • 2
  • Naoyuki Yokoyama
    • 1
  • Tomoki Shimokawa
    • 3
  • Ken Kozuma
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of MedicineTeikyo UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineTeikyo UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Cardiovascular SurgeryTeikyo UniversityTokyoJapan

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