A case of prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis with massive vegetation underestimated by conventional two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography: efficacy of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography
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KeywordsInfective Endocarditis Aortic Valve Replacement Transesophageal Echocardiography Valve Leaflet Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Mitsui Miho, Akihisa Kataoka, Kumiko Konno, Takatoshi Kitazawa, Naoyuki Yokoyama, Tomoki Shimokawa and Ken Kozuma declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human rights statements and informed consent
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the case report.
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