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Journal of Echocardiography

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 103–105 | Cite as

Heart failure induced by the restrictive left ventricle due to hiatus hernia

  • Yukari Ishibashi
  • Kazuhiro NishigamiEmail author
  • Misa Watanabe
  • Kentaro Takaji
  • Hideyuki Uesugi
Case Report

Abstract

A 76-year-old woman presented with shortness of breath and dyspnea after the intake of meals. Chest X-ray showed pulmonary congestion and pleural effusion. Computed tomography disclosed a hiatus hernia. Echocardiography demonstrated that the motion of the posterior wall in the left ventricle (LV) was paradoxically by the hiatus hernia, although LV ejection fraction was preserved. The restriction of LV by hiatus hernia could cause heart failure and open surgical repair of the hiatus hernia was performed. Dyspnea after the intake of meals disappeared and no recurrence of heart failure was observed in the subsequent period of several years.

Keywords

Heart failure Hiatus hernia Echocardiography Restriction Paradoxical motion 

Notes

Conflict of interest

There are no financial or other relations that could lead to a conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

Movie A: Echocardiogram, apical long-axis view. A hiatal hernia protrudes into the left ventricle on its posterior aspect. The posterior wall moves paradoxically, although left ventricular ejection fraction is preserved (AVI 1283 kb)

Movie B: An apical long-axis view in the echocardiogram after surgery. A hiatal hernia disappears. The diastolic wall motion of the left ventricle improves (AVI 1552 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Khouzam RN, Akhtar A, Minderman D, et al. Echocardiographic aspects of hiatal hernia: a review. J Clin Ultrasound. 2007;35:196–203.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Siu CW, Jim MH, Ho HH, et al. Recurrent acute heart failure caused by sliding hiatus hernia. Postgrad Med J. 2005;81:268–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Koskinas KC, Oikonomou K, Karapatsoudi E, et al. Echocardiographic manifestation of hiatus hernia simulating a left atrial mass: case report. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2008;6:46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Echocardiography 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yukari Ishibashi
    • 1
  • Kazuhiro Nishigami
    • 2
    Email author
  • Misa Watanabe
    • 1
  • Kentaro Takaji
    • 3
  • Hideyuki Uesugi
    • 3
  1. 1.Cardiovascular LaboratorySaiseikai Kumamoto HospitalKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care and CardiologySaiseikai Kumamoto HospitalKumamotoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Critical Care and Cardiovascular SurgerySaiseikai Kumamoto HospitalKumamotoJapan

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