Deformation analysis of microcapsules compressed by two rigid parallel plates
Alginate-poly(l)lysine-alginate microcapsules with a diameter of 200–300 μm were produced and subjected to compression experiments using two rigid parallel plates. The deformed shape was observed, and the relationship between the applied force and the displacement of the plate was measured. A practical analysis method is proposed for the prediction of mechanical properties of microcapsules, namely, the changes in force, transmural pressure, and deformed shape due to the change in the displacement of the plate. The analysis is based on a microcapsule model comprising an axi-symmetric elastic membrane with a constant capsule volume during deformation. Young’s modulus of the membrane, which is used in the analysis, was determined by applying the Hertz contact theory to the experimental results obtained by using an atomic force microscope. The bending stiffness and permeability of the membrane as well as the frictional force between the membrane and the plate were neglected in the analysis. A non-dimensional relationship between the applied force and the displacement of the plate was shown. The theoretically predicted compression force was smaller than the experimentally measured force in the small displacement region, whereas both forces were in good agreement in the large displacement region. The effects of change in Poisson’s ratio, which varied from 0 to 0.5, on the force, transmural pressure, and deformed shape were shown. Under the same displacement conditions, it was observed that the calculated deformed shape was almost coincident with the shape observed in the experiment.
KeywordsMicrocapsule Compression AFM Membrane Modeling Mechanical properties
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