Food Security

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 1561–1576 | Cite as

Pathways from agriculture-to-nutrition in India: implications for sustainable development goals

  • Mousumi DasEmail author
  • Ajay Sharma
  • Suresh Chandra Babu
Original Paper


Using a disaggregated dashboard approach with agriculture, food consumption, and demographic and health survey data, this study examines the progress of Indian states towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 on hunger and nutrition across different years. There is evidence of both disconnects and linkages among food security indicators along the agriculture-to-nutrition pathways across states. This heterogeneity implies that a food security policy with a single focus is not appropriate, given that there are more disconnects prevailing than linkages. The southern states performed better than the rest on almost all indicators, which was primarily attributed to better governance in ensuring food security. We also provide a mapping of the SDG 2 sub-goals, corresponding indicators, and to what extent their attainment is addressed in existing policies. Through a broadened and comprehensive approach under one coordinating body with a good set of improved interventions and governance, Indian states could attain food and nutrition security by 2030.


Agriculture-to-nutrition pathways Food security indicators Food policy India SDGs SDG dashboard 

JEL classification

C40 I30 Q18 Z18 



The authors thank Prof. M. H. Suryanarayana for his guidance and support in conducting this research. This paper was developed when the first author was visiting the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) as part of her Sylvia Lane Fellowship awarded by the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, for which she is thankful. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 5th Annual Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH) conference: Agri-health research: what have we learned and where to next? London 2015. The first author would also like to thank the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NACER), New Delhi India and the Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR), Chennai India for hosting while the research was undertaken. We are thankful to the senior editors, associate editor and two anonymous referees of the journal for their creative and helpful comments on the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. and International Society for Plant Pathology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mousumi Das
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ajay Sharma
    • 3
  • Suresh Chandra Babu
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of EconomicsXavier University BhubaneswarBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of ManagementIndoreIndia
  4. 4.International Food Policy Research InstituteWashingtonUSA
  5. 5.University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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