Food Security

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 909–920 | Cite as

Ghana’s evolving protein economy

  • James SumbergEmail author
  • John Jatoe
  • Ulrich Kleih
  • Justin Flynn
Original Paper


This paper provides an initial analysis of Ghana’s protein economy in the light of current debates about nutritional transition and livestock revolution. Ghana’s strong economic growth and reducing levels of poverty make it a particularly interesting case. Protein-rich foods, including fish and livestock products, supply 20–40 % of protein consumed. Overall fish is becoming less important and poultry more important; but there are also large differences in household expenditure on protein-rich foods across wealth categories, regions and areas. Specifically, the protein element of the nutritional transition and the consumption side of the livestock revolution would appear to be unfolding at different speeds and in different ways, along an axis that is urban–south–non-poor at one end, and rural–north–poor at the other. We explore the policy and political economy dimensions of these changes.


Self-sufficiently Food security Imports Ghana living standards survey (GLSS) 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


This paper reflects works supported by the ESRC STEPS Centre and the Market Development (MADE) in Northern Ghana programme.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and International Society for Plant Pathology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Sumberg
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Jatoe
    • 2
  • Ulrich Kleih
    • 3
  • Justin Flynn
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Development Studies (IDS)BrightonUK
  2. 2.University of GhanaLegonGhana
  3. 3.Natural Resource InstituteUniversity of GreenwichGreenwichUK

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