Evaluating the impact of improved maize varieties on food security in Rural Tanzania: Evidence from a continuous treatment approach
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This paper investigates impact heterogeneity in the adoption of improved maize varieties using data from rural Tanzania. We used a generalized propensity-score matching methodology, complemented with a parametric econometric method to check the robustness of results. We found a consistent result across models, indicating that adoption increased food security, and that the impact of adoption varied with the level of adoption. On average, an increase of one acre in the area allocated to improved maize varieties reduced the probabilities of chronic and transitory food insecurity from between 0.7 and 1.2 % and between 1.1 and 1.7 %, respectively. Policies that increase maize productivity and ease farmers’ adoption constraints can ensure the allocation of more land to improved technologies and, in doing so, enhance the food security of households.
KeywordsAdoption Continuous treatment Impact heterogeneity Food security Africa Tanzania
This study is supported by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and the Australian International Food Security Research Centre (AIFSRC) through the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)-led Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legume Cropping Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa (SIMLESA) program, and Adoption Pathways Project. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the donor or the authors’ institution. The usual disclaimer applies. We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewer and the chief editor of this journal for their valuable comments and suggestions which improved the quality of the paper.
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