The prospects for hybrid rice in India
The government of India has set a target of expanding the cultivation of hybrid rice to 25 % of the area occupied by the crop by 2015. Current growth trends suggest that this target will not be met, despite the potential contribution of hybrid rice to lagging growth in national rice yields, overall rice production, land-use reallocation and food security. This unfolding experience suggests a different trajectory from that of China, where hybrid rice accounts for more than half of the area under the crop and has contributed significantly to yield and output growth, reallocation of land to other agriculture and non-agricultural uses and food security. This paper examines the technical challenges, market opportunities, and policy constraints relating to hybrid rice in India.
KeywordsHybrid rice Agricultural research and development Technological change Innovation India
This study was prepared as a contribution to the Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) with funding from the United States Agency for International Development and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and as a contribution to IFPRI’s wider research agenda on agricultural production technologies with funding from the institute’s Strategic Innovation Fund. The authors thank Tony Cavalieri, Sushil Pandey, Mahabub Hossain, Harun-Ar-Rashid, Achim Doberman, Fangming Xie, Jiming Li, Md. Taj Uddin, Nicholas Magnan, Kajal Gulati, Akhter Ahmed, Xingliang Ma, Vartika Singh, and Mark Rosegrant for their comments, as well as participants who commented on earlier versions of this paper at the 28th Triennial Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, held in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, August 18–24, 2012. The authors also thank Lorena Danessi and Jyotsana Dua for their administrative support. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest, and that any and all errors are the sole responsibility of the authors.
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