Knowledge integration and the adoption of new agricultural technologies: Kenyan perspectives
- 476 Downloads
Despite gains in agricultural yields, access to food remains a serious challenge in many parts of the world. It is now recognized that improving food security requires a more integrated understanding of food systems and that key under-explored areas of these systems are likely to be crucial in developing effective policy change. In Kenya, institutional changes have occurred to facilitate knowledge integration within the agricultural sector. Drawing on the experiences and understandings of key stakeholders in Kenya, this paper aims to identify and better understand the barriers to knowledge integration for improved agricultural technologies and their adoption. A number of barriers to the flow of knowledge to and from those working to develop new agricultural technologies and farmers are identified. The results of this study suggest a potential link between farmers’ levels of community organization and levels of trust with levels of knowledge integration surrounding agricultural technologies and their adoption. The findings suggest that increasing the planning and follow-up of newly introduced agricultural technologies has the potential to encourage interdisciplinary approaches and improve food security outcomes.
KeywordsKnowledge integration Food policy Innovation Sustainable development East Africa
- Babbie, E. (2001). The practice of social research (9th ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
- Darr, D., & Pretzsch, J. (2008). Mechanisms of innovation diffusion under information abundance and information scarcity – on the contribution of social networks in group vs. individual extension approaches in semi-arid Kenya. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 14(3), 231–248.Google Scholar
- Ellis, K., Baugher, T. A., & Lewis, K. (2010). Results from survey instruments used to assess technology adoption for tree fruit production. HortTechnology, 20(6), 1043–1048.Google Scholar
- FAO. (2009). The State of Food Insecurity in the world: Economic crises – impacts and lessons learned. Rome, Italy: FAO.Google Scholar
- FAO. (2010a). Gross Food Production per Capita Index. FAOSTAT. http://faostat.fao.org/site/612/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=612#ancor. Accessed 4 April 2011.
- FAO. (2010b). The State of Food Insecurity in the world: Addressing food insecurity in protracted crises. Rome, Italy: FAO.Google Scholar
- FAO. (2011). Kenya. Country Briefs. http://www.fao.org/countries/55528/en/ken/. Accessed 5 April 2011.
- Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago, USA: Aldine Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Government of Kenya. (2010). Agricultural Sector Development Strategy 2010–2020. http://www.kilimo.go.ke/kilimo_docs/pdf/ASDS_Final.pdf. Accessed 4 April 2011.
- Hickey, G. M., & Muhammad, L. W. (2011). Enhancing Ecologically Resilient Food Security through Innovative Farming Systems in the Semi-Arid Midlands of Kenya. Project 106510–002 funded through the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Ottawa.Google Scholar
- KFSSG. (2010). The short rains season assessment report. Nairobi, Kenya: Government of Kenya.Google Scholar
- Kristjanson, P., Reid, R. S., Dickson, N., Clark, W. C., Romney, D., Puskur, R., et al. (2009). Linking international research knowledge with action for sustainable development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(13), 5047–5052.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Malthus, T. R. (1798). An essay on the principle of population, as it affects the future improvement of society with remarks on the speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers. London, England: J. Johnson.Google Scholar
- Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, USA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). An expanded sourcebook: Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, USA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Taylor, S. J., & Bogdan, R. (1998). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource (3rd ed.). New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated.Google Scholar
- Tonkiss, F. (2004). Using Focus Groups. In C. Seale (Ed.), Researching society and culture (2nd ed., pp. 193–206). London, England: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- UN General Assembly. (2000). United Nations Millennium Declaration (A/RES/55/2). The Millennium Summit of the United Nations. http://www.un.org/millennium/summit.htm. Accessed April 5 2011.
- Weiss, R. S. (1994). Learning from strangers: The art and method of qualitative interview studies. New York, USA: The Free Press.Google Scholar
- Yin, R. K. (1994). Case study research: Design and methods. California, USA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar