Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 559–572 | Cite as

Teaching international students from Confucian Heritage Culture countries: perspectives from three U.S. host campuses

  • Qi SunEmail author
  • Haijun Kang
  • Bo Chang
  • David Lausch


U.S. host campuses face instructional challenges from increasing numbers of international students from Confucian Heritage Culture (CHC) countries. Yet, the presence of CHC students offers learning opportunities for U.S. faculty in the context of internationalizing their higher education campuses. This study surveyed faculty at three U.S. host universities. It explored faculty understandings of Confucian culture, their perceptions of CHC countries’ international student learning, strategies used by faculty when teaching CHC students, and value faculty recognized when learning from CHC students. Results showed that a majority of faculty recognized the core values of Confucian culture. Yet, they were not fully aware of the cultural impact on CHC students’ learning, and the strategies they employed were mainly from the American perspectives. They did not integrate CHC students’ cultural heritages in their teaching practices and only partially accommodated CHC learners in teaching. This study calls for consciousness to transform faculty mindsets understanding the importance of students’ cultural differences in order to bring about a dramatic change in their teaching practices. Doing so may enhance the success of CHC students fomenting further internationalization at their host universities.


Confucian Cultural Heritage Internationalization of education Non-western perspective Higher education teaching and learning U.S. faculty International students 



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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, College of Education, Health, and Human SciencesThe University of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational LeadershipKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  3. 3.Department of Educational Studies, Ball State University Teachers College (TC)Ball State UniversityMuncieUSA
  4. 4.Adult and Post-Secondary Education Program, College of EducationUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA

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