International faculty at Japanese universities: their demographic characteristics and work roles
- 307 Downloads
The purpose of this study is to explore key aspects of the personal, educational, and professional characteristics of international faculty and their work roles at Japanese universities based on findings from a national survey of international faculty in 2017. Main findings include the following: first the demographic profile of international faculty differs from their Japanese colleagues in terms of their highest degree awarded, academic rank, and between disciplines; second, three broad types of international faculty could be practically identified, and which differ according to their size and professional roles within their institutions; third, in addition to both teaching and research, international faculty are also strongly expected to undertake any activities which cannot be accomplished by Japanese colleagues, especially help enhance the international reputation of their current universities.
KeywordsInternational faculty Internationalization of higher education Japan Academic profession
- Altbach, P. G., & Yudkevich, M. (2017). Twenty-first century mobility: The role of international faculty. International Higher Education, 90, 8–10Google Scholar
- Bekhradnia, B., & Sastry, T. (2005). Migration of academic staff to and from the UK. London: Higher Education Policy Institute (HEPI) Report.Google Scholar
- Finkelstein, M. J., Seal, R. K., & Schuster, J. H. (1998). The new academic generation: A profession in transformation. Baltimore, London: The John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Huang, F., Finkelstein, M. J., & Rostan, M. (Eds.). (2014). The internationalisation of the academy: Changes, realities and prospects (The changing academy—The changing academic profession in international comparative perspective) (Vol. 10). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Huang, F., & Li, M. (2011). Nihon ni okeru daigaku kyoin no kokusaika [Internationalization of university faculty members in Japan]. In RIHE, Chishiki kiban shakai to daigaku daigakuin kaikaku [Knowledge-based society and university reforms]. Higashi-Hiroshima: RIHE. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Huang, F. (2017). Who are they and why did they move to Japan? An analysis of international faculty at universities. Working Paper 27. The Centre for Global Higher Education, London WC1H 0A: UCL Institute of Education.Google Scholar
- Ishida, K. (2012). Dai go syo gaikokujin daigaku kyouin no nihon syakai he no kakawari. In A. Yonezawa & K. Ishida (Eds.), Non-Japanese academics at Japanese Universities: Their behaviors and perspectives. (Vol. 116, pp. 52–62). Hiroshima: Reviews in higher education (RIHE), Hiroshima University. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Kim, T. (2009). Shifting patterns of transnational academic mobility: A comparative and historical approach. Comparative Study, 45(3), 387–403.Google Scholar
- MEXT (2009). Heisei 21 nendo kokusaika kyoten seibi jigyou no saidaku kyoten no Kette nitsuite [On decision of the Global 30 project]. Retrieved March 22, 2018 from http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo4/025/gijiroku/attach/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/01/15/1288013_1.pdf. (in Japanese).
- MEXT. (2016). Statistical abstract 2016 edition. Tokyo, Japan: MEXT. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- MEXT. (2017). Statistical abstract 2017 editions. Tokyo, Japan: MEXT. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- MOE. (Ministry of Education). (1992). Gakusei hyakunijyuunenshi [History of 120-Year School System] (pp. 39–40). Tokyo: Kabushiki kaisya gyousei. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics (2006). 2004 National study of postsecondary faculty (NSOPF:04). Retrieved December 17, 2017, from http://nces.ed.gov.
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Organisation). (2001). International mobility of the highly skilled. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Organisation). (2003a). OECD science, technology, industry and scoreboard: 2003. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). (2003). Main trends in international migration. Trends in international migration— SOPEMI 2002 (pp. 17–101). Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). (2008). Knowledge diffusion and impacts of international mobility. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). (2015). Which factors influence the international mobility of research scientists? Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Open Doors. (2008). Institute for International Education. Retrieved December 10, 2017, from http://opendoors.iienetwork.org/.
- RIHE, (1980). Nihon no daigaku ni okeru gaikokujin kyoin [Foreign university faculty members at universities in Japan]. Hiroshima, Japan: RIHE (Research Institute for Higher Education), Hiroshima University. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Suh, Y. (2005). Nihon no daigaku kokusaika no tame no gaikokujin kyouin no ninyou [Appointing able foreign nationals to Japanese universities: Towards increased internationalization]. Daigaku Ronshu, 35, 293–310. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Teichler, U. (2015). Academic mobility and migration: What we know and what we do not know. European Review, 23 (S1): s6–s37.Google Scholar
- Yonezawa, A., & Ishida, K. (2012). Non-Japanese academics at Japanese universities: Their behaviors and perspectives. Hiroshima: Reviews in Higher Education. No. 116. RIHE, Hiroshima University. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Yudkevich, M., & Altbach, P. G., P. G. and Rumbley, L. E. (Eds.)., (2017). International faculty in higher education: Comparative perspectives on recruitment, integration, and impact. New York: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar