Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 107–117 | Cite as

Faculty development in Southeast Asian higher education: a review of literature

  • Tam T. PhuongEmail author
  • Hang B. Duong
  • Gary N. McLean


University faculty in Southeast Asia (SEA) is being required to take on new roles and responsibilities resulting from rapid changes in higher education. To date, a range of faculty development (FD) initiatives has been implemented, but little has been uncovered concerning the effectiveness of these FD activities. Using a predetermined review protocol, we conducted a systematic literature review to identify the current foci and trends of faculty development in SEA higher education. We found that Vietnam, Singapore, and Malaysia were the leading providers of empirical evidence about FD activities. Teacher education and training were found to rank first among the disciplines that performed FD. This aligns with results of the focus and type of FD which primarily concerned improvement of pedagogical competence and self-directed learning. In addition, the findings suggested that most FD outcomes were found to be predominantly at levels 1 and 2 of Kirkpatrick’s taxonomy (adapted from Hendricson et al. in J Dent Educ 71(12):1513–1533, 2007). Based on this review, we offered relevant recommendations for FD practice and research in this region.


Faculty development Southeast Asia Higher education Systematic literature review 


Note: References marked with an asterisk indicate studies included in this study

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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tam T. Phuong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hang B. Duong
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gary N. McLean
    • 4
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Hanoi Foreign Trade UniversityHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Lehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  4. 4.McLean Global Consulting, Inc.St. PaulUSA

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