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Evaluation of the efficacy of aquaculture feeds for the climbing perch Anabas testudineus: replacement of fishmeal by black soldier fly Hermetia illucens prepupae

  • Bounsong Vongvichith
  • Shinsuke MoriokaEmail author
  • Tsuyoshi Sugita
  • Nokjalia Phousavanh
  • Norkeo Phetsanghanh
  • Phonaphet Chanthasone
  • Phoutsamone Pommachan
  • Satoshi Nakamura
Original Article Aquaculture

Abstract

The growth of the climbing perch Anabas testudineus reared on lower protein feeds with the replacement of fishmeal (FM) by prepupae of the black soldier fly (BSF) Hermetia illucens was examined. Three different feeds were prepared: control feed (treatment 1; T1) with only FM as a source of animal protein [32.5% crude protein; CP]; lower protein feed (T2) with both FM and BSF (30.0%); lowest protein feed (T3) with only BSF prepupae as a source of animal protein (25.0%). After 123 days of rearing, survival rates were ca. 82% in all treatments. The final weights in T2 and T3 (84–92 g/fish) were comparable to that in T1 (ca. 85 g/fish) despite the lower protein levels of feeds in T2/T3. Similarly, CP levels of fish at harvest in T2/T3 were comparable to T1 (17–18%), while the crude fat level in T3 (ca. 14%) was significantly greater than in T1/T2 (ca. 12%). The level of ash in T3 (ca. 4.1%) was significantly lower than in T1/T2 (5.4–5.7%). The protein efficiency ratio in T3 (ca. 1.3) was significantly greater than in T1/T2 (0.9–1.1), and the protein retention in T3 (ca. 21.9) was significantly greater than in T1 (ca. 16.4). Similar final weights observed between T1 and T2/T3 suggested that BSF protein can be better assimilated by climbing perch than FM. The results suggest that BSF prepupae are an efficient substitute for FM in climbing perch feed, and potentially allow for a reduction of feed protein levels.

Keywords

Low-protein feed Animal protein source Feed substitution Insect utilization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the staff of LARReC for their assistance in the research. Our thanks also go to Drs Kensuke Kawamura, Naruo Matsumoto and Kazuyuki Matsuo, Senior Researcher of the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), and Dr Masuo Ando, Professor of the Utsunomiya University, for their kind advice on the experiments. Our thanks also go to Dr Yukiyo Yamamoto, Program Director of JIRCAS, for her helpful coordination of the research. Research undertaken in the present study was funded by the research program Value-adding Technologies, JIRCAS.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bounsong Vongvichith
    • 1
  • Shinsuke Morioka
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tsuyoshi Sugita
    • 2
  • Nokjalia Phousavanh
    • 1
  • Norkeo Phetsanghanh
    • 1
  • Phonaphet Chanthasone
    • 1
  • Phoutsamone Pommachan
    • 1
  • Satoshi Nakamura
    • 2
  1. 1.Living Aquatic Resources Research CenterNational Agriculture and Forestry Research InstituteVientianeLaos
  2. 2.Fisheries DivisionJapan International Research Center for Agricultural SciencesTsukubaJapan

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