Fisheries Science

, Volume 85, Issue 6, pp 1067–1075 | Cite as

Effects of total dissolved gas supersaturated water at varying suspended sediment concentrations on the survival of rock carp Procypris rabaudi

  • Cuixia Feng
  • Na Li
  • Yuanming Wang
  • Xiaoqing LiuEmail author
  • Xiaotao Shi
  • Chenghua Fu
  • Zhu Jiang
  • Yao Yang
  • Haoran Shi
Original Article Environment


High total dissolved gas (TDG) levels and excessive suspended sediment (SS) concentrations greatly threaten the survival of fish downstream of dams when flood discharge occurs. However, few studies have investigated the impacts of TDG and SS on fish. To evaluate the effects of TDG and SS on rock carp, juveniles were exposed to 125, 130, 135 and 140% TDG supersaturated water with SS concentrations of 0, 200, 600 and 1000 mg/l, respectively, and after the exposure period, the rock carp showed noticeable abnormal behaviours and signs of gas bubble disease. The survival rate decreased with increases in the TDG levels and SS concentrations. Moreover, an increase in the SS concentration in the TDG supersaturated water resulted in a decrease in the median survival time (ST50). Combined exposure to TDG and SS exerted a significant effect on the survival of rock carp. This study indicates that TDG supersaturated water with SS might be a notable threat to rock carp survival during flood discharge.


Total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDG) Suspended sediment (SS) Rock carp Procypris rabaudi Median survival time (ST50



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51509213), Open Fund Research at the State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, China (Grant No. Skhl1823), Academic Cultivation Project of Key Laboratory of Fluid and Power Machinery of the Education Ministry, Xihua University (Grant Nos. SBZDPY-11-09 and SBZDPY-11-10), Young Scholars Program of Xihua University (Grant No. 0220170212), Innovation Fund of Postgraduate, Xihua University (Grant No. ycjj2018190) and Open Fund of Engineering Research Center of Eco-environment in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, China Three Gorges University (Grant No. KF2017-03).


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Fluid and Power Machinery, Ministry of EducationXihua UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Energy and Power EngineeringXihua UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  4. 4.Engineering Research Center of Eco-environment in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of EducationThree Gorges UniversityYichangChina

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