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Effects of a superoptimal temperature on aquacultured yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata

  • Yoshinori Sotoyama
  • Saichiro Yokoyama
  • Manabu Ishikawa
  • Shunsuke Koshio
  • Hiroshi Hashimoto
  • Hiromi Oku
  • Tadashi Ando
Original Article Aquaculture

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of a superoptimal temperature on growth, body composition, body size heterogeneity, and relationships among these factors in juvenile yellowtail. Fish (mean body weight = 24 g) were tagged individually and reared for 70 days under two different water temperature regimes [optimal (25 °C) and superoptimal (30 °C)]. After rearing, fish reared at 30 °C showed lower survival, less food, feed and protein utilization, significantly lower growth performance, and a lower hepatosomatic index than fish raised at 25 °C. Variations in body indices among individuals were larger for fish reared at 30 °C than for fish reared at 25 °C. Mean whole body protein content was significantly lower in fish reared at 30 °C than fish reared at 25 °C. In addition, several glucogenic and/or aromatic amino acids were lower in fish reared at 30 °C than in fish reared at 25 °C. Whole body lipid levels tended to be lower in fish with lower body weight reared at 30 °C. These results suggest that fish raised at 30 °C will have lower growth performance, and lower concentrations of specific amino acids. Moreover, heterogeneity in body size and body lipid content is expanded by a superoptimal temperature.

Keywords

Global warming Growth Body composition Body amino acid Body size heterogeneity Body indices 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan through the research project entitled “Development of Technologies for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.”

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Salmon Resources Division, Stock Enhancement Technology Group, Hokkaido National Fisheries Research InstituteJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyShimamakiJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  3. 3.Amami Laboratory, Research Center for Tuna Aquaculture, Seikai National Fisheries Research InstituteJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyKagoshimaJapan
  4. 4.Aquaculture Systems Division, National Research Institute of AquacultureJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyMinamiiseJapan
  5. 5.Stock Enhancement and Aquaculture Division, Seikai National Fisheries Research InstituteJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyNagasakiJapan

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