Advertisement

Fisheries Science

, Volume 78, Issue 2, pp 337–342 | Cite as

Long-afterglow phosphorescent pigment is a potent tool for manipulation of reproductive performance in the tropical damselfish Chrysiptera cyanea

  • Mohammad Abu Jafor Bapary
  • Satoshi Imamura
  • Akihiro Takemura
Original Article Aquaculture

Abstract

Photoperiod plays a role in the regulation of reproduction in many fish. We examined the effectiveness of the long-afterglow phosphorescent pigment LumiNova on the reproductive performance of the sapphire devil Chrysiptera cyanea, a tropical damselfish that reproduces under long-day conditions. During the breeding season, the experimental fish, but not the control fish, were reared in aquaria covered with LumiNova sheets for 75 days under natural photoperiod and temperature. At days 60 and 75 after onset of the experiment, the gonadosomatic index of experimental fish was higher than that of control fish. Histological observations at 60 and 75 days revealed that the ovaries of experimental fish contained large oocytes laden with yolk, whereas the control fish had few yolky oocytes at 60 days and mostly immature oocytes at 75 days. Spawning occurred repeatedly in experimental fish, but not in control fish, throughout the study period. Because LumiNova sheets continue to emit green light for some time after sunset, the extended light conditions probably contributed to active reproduction in experimental fish. In conclusion, long-afterglow phosphorescent pigment can be used for energy-efficient aquaculture to regulate the reproduction of fish, although its effect needs to be evaluated in different species.

Keywords

Chrysiptera cyanea Damselfish Green light Gonadosomatic index Histology LumiNova Ovarian development Spawning 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) to AT.

References

  1. 1.
    Bromage N, Porter M, Randall C (2001) The environmental regulation of maturation in farmed finfish with special reference to the role of photoperiod and melatonin. Aquaculture 197:63–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pankhurst NW, Porter MJR (2003) Cold and dark or warm and light: variations on the theme of environmental control of reproduction. Fish Physiol Biochem 28:385–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Migaud H, Davie A, Taylor JF (2010) Current knowledge on the photoneuroendocrine regulation of reproduction in temperate fish species. J Fish Biol 76:27–68PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gillet C, Breton B, Billard R (1978) Seasonal effects of exposure to temperature and photoperiod regimes on gonad growth and plasma gonadotropin in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Ann Biol Anim Biochim Biophys 18:1045–1049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koya Y, Kamiya E (2000) Environmental regulation of annual reproductive cycle in the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis. J Exp Zool 286:204–211PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chang CF, Hu HJ, Tang HC (1992) Effects of photoperiod and temperature on testicular development in male ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis. Environ Biol Fish 34:309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Amano M, Iigo M, Ikuta K, Kitamura S, Yamada H, Yamamori K (2000) Roles of melatonin in gonadal maturation of underyearling precocious male masu salmon. Gen Comp Endocrinol 120:190–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Campos-Mendoza A, McAndrew BJ, Coward K, Bromage N (2004) Reproductive response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) to photoperiodic manipulation; effects on spawning periodicity, fecundity and egg size. Aquaculture 231:299–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martinez-Palacios CA, Chavez-Sosa JC, Santoyo-Guzman VO, Campos-Mendoza A, Martinez-Chavez CC, Ross LG (2007) The effect of photoperiod on the reproduction of Chirostoma estor estor Jordan 1879 from Lago de Patzcuaro, Mexico. J Appl Ichthyol 23:621–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martin-Robichaud DJ, Berlinsky DL (2004) The effects of photothermal manipulation on reproductive development in female haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus L. Aquac Res 35:465–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    van der Meeren T, Ivannikov VP (2006) Seasonal shift in spawning of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) by photoperiod manipulation: egg quality in relation to temperature and intensive larval rearing. Aquac Res 37:898–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Migaud H, Cowan M, Taylor J, Ferguson HW (2007) The effect of spectral composition and light intensity on melatonin, stress and retinal damage in post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Aquaculture 270:390–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bapary MAJ, Amin MN, Takeuchi Y, Takemura A (2011) The stimulatory effects of long wavelengths of light on the ovarian development in the tropical damselfish, Chrysiptera cyanea. Aquaculture 314:188–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Masuda H, Amaoka K, Araga C, Uyeno T, Yoshino T (1984) The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lieske E, Myers R (1994) Collins pocket guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins, London, p 400Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bapary MAJ, Fainuulelei P, Takemura A (2009) Environmental control of gonadal development in the tropical damselfish Chrysiptera cyanea. Mar Biol Res 5:462–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bapary MAJ, Takemura A (2010) Effect of temperature and photoperiod on the reproductive condition and performance of a tropical damselfish Chrysiptera cyanea during different phases of the reproductive season. Fish Sci 76:769–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hoque MM, Takemura A, Takano K (1998) Annual changes in oocyte development and serum vitellogenin level in the rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus (Park) in Okinawa, Southern Japan. Fish Sci 64:44–51Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rahman MS, Takemura A, Takano K (2000) Annual changes in ovarian histology, plasma steroid hormones and vitellogenin in the female golden rabbitfish, Siganus guttatus. Bull Mar Sci 67:729–740Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bapary MAJ, Amin MN, Takemura A (2011) Food availability as a possible determinant for initiation and termination of reproductive activity in the tropical damselfish Chrysiptera cyanea during reproductive season. Mar Biol Res. doi: 10.1080/17451000.2011.605146
  21. 21.
    Vera LM, Davie A, Taylor JF, Migaud H (2010) Differential light intensity and spectral sensitivities of Atlantic salmon, European sea bass and Atlantic cod pineal glands ex vivo. Gen Comp Endocrinol 165:25–33PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Volpato GL, Duarte CRA, Luchiari AC (2004) Environmental color affects Nile tilapia reproduction. Braz J Med Biol Res 37:479–483PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Villamizar N, García-Alcazar A, Sánchez-Vázquez FJ (2009) Effect of light spectrum and photoperiod on the growth, development and survival of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae. Aquaculture 292:80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Davis KB, Goudie CA, Simco BA, MacGregor R, Parker NC (1986) Environmental regulation and influence of the eyes and pineal gland on the gonadal cycle and spawning in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Physiol Zool 59:717–724Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Garg SK (1989) Effect of pinealectomy, eye enucleation, and melatonin treatment on ovarian activity and vitellogenin levels in the catfish exposed to short photoperiod or long photoperiod. J Pineal Res 7:91–104PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Masuda T, Iigo M, Aida K (2005) Existence of an extra-retinal and extra-pineal photoreceptive organ that regulates photoperiodism in gonadal development of an Osmerid teleost, ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis). Comp Biochem Physiol 140 A:414–422Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Masuda T, Iigo M, Mizusawa K, Aida K (2003) Retina-type rhodopsin gene expressed in the brain of a teleost, ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis). Zool Sci 20:989–997PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kojima D, Mano H, Fukada Y (2000) Vertebrate ancient-long opsin: a green-sensitive photoreceptive molecule present in zebrafish deep brain and retinal horizontal cells. J Neurosci 20:2845–2851PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Philp AR, Garcia-Fernandez JM, Soni BG, Lucas RJ, Bellingham J, Foster RG (2000) Vertebrate ancient (va) opsin and extraretinal photoreception in the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J Exp Biol 203:1925–1936PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Minamoto T, Shimizu I (2003) Molecular cloning and characterization of rhodopsin in a teleost (Plecoglossus altivelis, Osmeridae). Comp Biochem Physiol 134B:559–570Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bapary MAJ (2011) Studies on environmental control of the reproductive activities in a tropical damselfish Chrysiptera cyanea. Ph.D. dissertation, University of the Ryukyus, OkinawaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Abu Jafor Bapary
    • 1
  • Satoshi Imamura
    • 1
  • Akihiro Takemura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine ScienceUniversity of the RyukyusNishiharaJapan

Personalised recommendations