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Fisheries Science

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 183–190 | Cite as

Embryonic development and morphology of eggs and newly hatched larvae of Pacific herring Clupea pallasii

  • Tatsuya Kawakami
  • Hiroyuki Okouchi
  • Masato Aritaki
  • Jun Aoyama
  • Katsumi Tsukamoto
Original Article Biology

Abstract

The embryonic development and morphology of eggs and newly hatched larvae of the Pacific herring Clupea pallasii were described using laboratory-reared specimens originating from the Miyako Bay stock. The eggs were almost spherical in shape, 1.33–1.46 mm (mean: 1.38 mm) in diameter, and had a thick adherent chorion. They had a segmented pale yellow yolk, no oil globule, and a relatively wide perivitelline space. A subgerminal cavity was observed during the gastrula period, whereas the blastocoel did not appear. Mass hatching occurred by 271 h 45 min after fertilization, and the newly hatched larvae were 7.1–7.7 mm (mean: 7.5 mm) in total length with 53–56 myomeres at 9.6°C. The embryonic development of Pacific herring was substantially similar to that of zebrafish Danio rerio, American shad Alosa sapidissima, as well as Atlantic herring Clupea harengus, and generally followed the basic developmental pattern of teleosts. However, Pacific herring larvae hatched at a more developed stage than some other clupeoids, such as Japanese sardine Sardinops melanostictus, and the progressed developmental stage at hatching could be interpreted as an advanced adaptation.

Keywords

Clupea pallasii Egg Embryonic development Morphology Newly hatched larva Pacific herring 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are sincerely grateful to the members of the Miyako Station, National Center for Stock Enhancement (the former Japan Sea Farming Association) of the Fisheries Research Agency, for helping with the rearing experiments and providing valuable information. Thanks are also due to Y. Nagakura of the Miyako Station, National Center for Stock Enhancement, for providing salinity data in Miyako Bay. We also thank M. J. Miller for assistance with this manuscript. This study was partly supported by a grant-in-aid for creative scientific research, no. 12NP0201 (DOBIS), from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan. T.K. was supported by Research Fellowships from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for Young Scientists. K.T. was partly supported by the Research Foundation from Toyo Suisan and the Eel Research Foundation Nobori-kai.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatsuya Kawakami
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Okouchi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Masato Aritaki
    • 2
    • 4
  • Jun Aoyama
    • 1
  • Katsumi Tsukamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research InstituteUniversity of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  2. 2.Miyako Station, National Center for Stock EnhancementFisheries Research AgencyMiyakoJapan
  3. 3.Head Office of Fisheries Research AgencyYokohamaJapan
  4. 4.Seikai National Fisheries Research InstituteNagasakiJapan

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