Advertisement

Fisheries Science

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Juveniles of threadsail filefish, Stephanolepis cirrhifer, can survive and grow by feeding on moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita

  • Y. MiyajimaEmail author
  • R. Masuda
  • A. Kurihara
  • R. Kamata
  • Y. Yamashita
  • T. Takeuchi
Original Article Biology

Abstract

We conducted feeding experiments on threadsail filefish Stephanolepis cirrhifer juveniles for 16 days to evaluate the efficacy of moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita as a prey item. Four treatments, each with 40 individuals, were prepared to compare fish growth performance. The treatments consisted of filefish that were starved (control) (S), fed only jellyfish (J), fed only krill (K), and fed both jellyfish and krill (JK). Fish in the S treatment exhibited a 50% mortality rate and reduced body weight, whereas the J treatment exhibited a zero mortality rate and increased body weight. Fish in the JK treatments showed a significantly faster growth than those in the K treatment. Filefish consumed as much as 24 and 13 times their own body weight in jellyfish per day in the J and JK treatments, respectively. This is the first report showing that growth can be sustained by feeding a marine fish only jellyfish, and indicates the potential of jellyfish as a fish prey in both nature and captivity.

Keywords

Aurelia aurita Fatty acids Filefish Growth Jellyfish Monacanthidae Stephanolepis cirrhifer Survival rate 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Dr. Michelle Walsh and Dr. Dominique Robert for providing constructive comments on early versions of the manuscript. Comments from the editor and reviewers also improved the quality of the manuscript. This study was financially supported by the STOPJELLY project from the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council.

References

  1. 1.
    Graham WM (2001) Numerical increases and distributional shifts of Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor) and Aurelia aurita (Linne) (Cnidaria Scyphozoa) in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Hydrobiologia 451:97–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brodeur RD, Sugisaki H, Hunt GL (2002) Increases in jellyfish biomass in the Bering Sea: implications for the ecosystem. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 233:89–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Purcell JE (2003) Predation on zooplankton by large jellyfish, Aurelia labiata, Cyanea capillata and Aequorea aequorea, in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 246:137–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Purcell JE, Uye S, Lo W (2007) Anthropogenic causes of jellyfish blooms and their direct consequences for humans: a review. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 350:153–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arai MN (2005) Predation on pelagic coelenterates: a review. J Mar Biol Ass UK 85:523–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Suazo CG (2008) Black-browed albatross foraging on jellyfish prey in the southeast Pacific coast, southern Chile. Polar Biol 31:755–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Holland D, Davenport J, East J (1990) The fatty acid composition of the leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea and its jellyfish prey. J Mar Biol Ass UK 70:761–770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Masuda R, Yamashita Y, Matsuyama M (2008) Jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus juveniles use jellyfish for predator avoidance and as a prey collector. Fish Sci 74:276–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Purcell JE, Arai MN (2001) Interaction of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with fish: a review. Hydrobiologia 451:27–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Runge JA, Pepin P, Silvert WS (1987) Feeding behavior of the Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus on the hydromedusa Aglantha digitale. Mar Biol 94:329–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Möller H (1980) Population dynamics of Aurelia aurita medusae in Kiel Bight, Germany (FRG). Mar Biol 60:123–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lucas CH (1994) Biochemical composition of Aurelia aurita in relation to age and sexual maturity. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 183:179–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fukuda Y, Naganuma T (2001) Potential dietary effects on the fatty acid composition of the common jellyfish Aurelia aurita. Mar Biol 138:1029–1103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Folch J, Lees M, Stanley GH (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J Biol Chem 226:497–509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Juaneda P, Rocquelin G (1985) Rapid and convenient separation of phospholipids and non phosphorus lipids from rat-heart using silica cartridges. Lipids 20:40–41CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ratnayake WMN, Ackman RG (1985) Rapid analysis of canola gum lipid composition by Iatroscan thin layer chromatography-flame ionization detection. Can Inst Food Sci Technol J 18:284–289Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Morrison WR, Smith LM (1964) Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters and dimethylacetals from lipids with boron fluoride-methanol. J Lipid Res 5:600–608PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yamashita Y, Bailey KM (1989) A laboratory study of the bioenergetics of larval walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma. Fish Bull 87:525–536Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schabetsberger R, Morgan CA, Brodeur RD, Potts CL, Peterson WT, Emmett RL (2003) Prey selectivity and diel feeding chronology of juvenile chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon in the Columbia River plume. Fish Oceanogr 12:523–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bamstedt U, Martinussen MB (2000) Estimating digestion rate and the problem of individual variability, exemplified by a scyphozoan jellyfish. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 251:1–15CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ovchinnikova TV, Balandin SV, Aleshina GM, Tagaev AA, Leonova YF, Krasnodembsky ED, Men’shenin AV, Kokryakov VN (2006) Aurelin, a novel antimicrobial peptide from jellyfish Aurelia aurita with structural features of defensins and channel-blocking toxins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 348:514–523CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zheng F, Takeuchi T, Yoseda K, Hirokawa J, Watanabe T (1995) Changes in fatty acid composition during developmental stages of cod larvae in mass production. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 61:756–761Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nichols PD, Danaher KT, Koslow JA (2003) Occurrence of high levels of tetracosahexaenoic acid in the jellyfish Aurelia sp. Lipids 38:1207–1210CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Miyajima
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Masuda
    • 1
  • A. Kurihara
    • 2
  • R. Kamata
    • 1
  • Y. Yamashita
    • 1
  • T. Takeuchi
    • 2
  1. 1.Maizuru Fisheries Research StationKyoto UniversityMaizuruJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Marine ScienceTokyo University of Marine Science and TechnologyTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations