Genetic variability and stock structure of red tilefish Branchiostegus japonicus inferred from mtDNA sequence analysis
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Sequence analysis based on the anterior part of the mitochondrial DNA control region was carried out to reveal the genetic diversity, stock structure, and historical demography of the red tilefish. Nucleotide sequences of 388 bp in length were determined for 280 individuals taken from eight localities. The molecular diversity, haplotype diversity, and nucleotide diversity were relatively high (average h = 0.929 ± 0.011; average π = 0.008 ± 0.005). The mismatch distribution was not significantly different from the expected distribution for a rapidly expanding population (P = 0.453). The minimum spanning network connecting with full-sequence haplotypes contained star-like topologies derived from multiple ancient lineages, supporting the mismatch distribution analysis. No significant genetic differentiation was observed among eight localities (maximum pairwise FST = 0.023, reduced-sequence data set). Our results suggest a large panmictic population of the red tilefish along the coast of Honshu to the East China Sea.