Food and Environmental Virology

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 110–113 | Cite as

First Serological Study of Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Backyard Pigs from Serbia

  • Diana Lupulovic
  • Sava Lazic
  • Jasna Prodanov-Radulovic
  • Nereida Jiménez de Oya
  • Estela Escribano-Romero
  • Juan-Carlos Saiz
  • Tamas Petrovic
Communication

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 infections in pigs and humans have been lately reported in Europe. In the present study, the prevalence of anti-HEV IgG antibodies in swine was investigated, for the first time, in Serbia by means of an ELISA based on a recombinant open reading frame 2 protein of HEV genotype 3. A total of 315 serum samples from 3 to 4 months-old healthy backyard pigs, collected in 63 herds from 28 towns and villages of 4 different districts of the Vojvodina province, in the northern part of Serbia, were tested. A 34.6% (109/315) of the sera tested were positive. The prevalence of anti-HEV antibodies varied widely between municipalities (range 16.7–75.0%) and herds (range 0–100%). These data indicate that HEV infection is widespread in Serbian backyard pigs.

Keywords

HEV ELISA Backyard pigs Seroprevalence Serbia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study was supported in part by grant (CSD2006-0007) from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN) to JCS and grant (TR 20115) from Serbian Ministry of Science and Technological Development to SL. NJO has been supported by a scholarship from Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA). Two COST-929 short term missions supported training visits of DL and NJO.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Lupulovic
    • 1
  • Sava Lazic
    • 1
  • Jasna Prodanov-Radulovic
    • 2
  • Nereida Jiménez de Oya
    • 3
  • Estela Escribano-Romero
    • 3
  • Juan-Carlos Saiz
    • 3
  • Tamas Petrovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of VirologyScientific Veterinary Institute “Novi Sad”Novi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Health Protection of SwineScientific Veterinary Institute “Novi Sad”Novi SadSerbia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyINIAMadridSpain

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