Food and Environmental Virology

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 24–34 | Cite as

Issues Concerning Survival of Viruses on Surfaces

Review Paper

Abstract

Viruses are the causative agents of an estimated 60% of human infections worldwide. The most common viral illnesses are produced by enteric and respiratory viruses. Transmission of these viruses from an infected person or animal to a new host can occur via several routes. Existing studies strongly suggest that contaminated fomites or surfaces play an important role in the spreading of viral diseases. The potential of viral spreading via contaminated surfaces depends particularly on the ability of the virus to maintain infectivity whilst it is in the environment. This is affected by a combination of biological, physical and chemical factors. This review summarises current knowledge about the influence of environmental factors on the survival and spread of viruses via contaminated surfaces.

Keywords

Pathogenic viruses Environmental factors Surveillance Biofilms 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Vasickova
    • 1
  • I. Pavlik
    • 1
  • M. Verani
    • 2
  • A. Carducci
    • 2
  1. 1.Veterinary Research InstituteBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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