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Cognitive Computation

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 718–736 | Cite as

End-to-End ConvNet for Tactile Recognition Using Residual Orthogonal Tiling and Pyramid Convolution Ensemble

  • Lele Cao
  • Fuchun Sun
  • Xiaolong Liu
  • Wenbing Huang
  • Ramamohanarao Kotagiri
  • Hongbo Li
Article

Abstract

Tactile recognition enables robots identify target objects or environments from tactile sensory readings. The recent advancement of deep learning and biological tactile sensing inspire us proposing an end-to-end architecture ROTConvPCE-mv that performs tactile recognition using residual orthogonal tiling and pyramid convolution ensemble. Our approach uses stacks of raw frames and tactile flow as dual input, and incorporates the strength of multi-layer OTConvs (orthogonal tiling convolutions) organized in a residual learning paradigm. We empirically demonstrate that OTConvs have adjustable invariance capability to different input transformations such as translation, rotation, and scaling. To effectively capture multi-scale global context, a pyramid convolution structure is attached to the concatenated output of two residual OTConv pathways. The extensive experimental evaluations show that ROTConvPCE-mv outperforms several state-of-the-art methods with a large margin regarding recognition accuracy, robustness, and fault-tolerance. Practical suggestions and hints are summarized throughout this paper to facilitate the effective recognition using tactile sensory data.

Keywords

Recognition Tactile sensors Feature extraction Residual learning Convolution neural networks Tactile flow 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Weihao Cheng for suggesting momentum prediction [62] during the process of iterating our work. We also express our appreciation to Jingwei Yang and Rui Ma for the explanation of JKSC and BoS-LDSs source code. We also express our gratitude to Xiaohui Hu and Haolin Yang for their help in collecting the HCs10 dataset.

Funding Information

This work was supported by grants from the China National Natural Science Foundation (Nos. 61327809 and 61210013). Lele Cao is also supported by the State Scholarship Fund under file number 201406210275.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Department of Computer Science and TechnologyTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.The Department of Computing and Information SystemsThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.King Digital Entertainment plcActivision Blizzard Inc. (ATVI)StockholmSweden

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