Cognitive Computation

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 446–461 | Cite as

Feature Component-Based Extreme Learning Machines for Finger Vein Recognition

  • Shan Juan Xie
  • Sook YoonEmail author
  • Jucheng Yang
  • Yu Lu
  • Dong Sun Park
  • Bin Zhou


This paper proposes an efficient finger vein recognition system, in which a variant of the original ensemble extreme learning machine (ELM) called the feature component-based ELMs (FC-ELMs) designed to utilize the characteristics of the features, is introduced to improve the recognition accuracy and stability and to substantially reduce the number of hidden nodes. For feature extraction, an explicit guided filter is proposed to extract the eight block-based directional features from the high-quality finger vein contours obtained from noisy, non-uniform, low-contrast finger vein images without introducing any segmentation process. An FC-ELMs consist of eight single ELMs, each trained with a block feature with a pre-defined direction to enhance the robustness against variation of the finger vein images, and an output layer to combine the outputs of the eight ELMs. For the structured training of the vein patterns, the FC-ELMs are designed to first train small differences between patterns with the same angle and then to aggregate the differences at the output layer. Each ELM can easily learn lower-complexity patterns with a smaller network and the matching accuracy can also be improved, due to the less complex boundaries required for each ELM. We also designed the ensemble FC-ELMs to provide the matching system with stability. For the dataset considered, the experimental results show that the proposed system is able to generate clearer vein contours and has good matching performance with an accuracy of 99.53 % and speed of 0.87 ms per image.


Extreme learning machine Ensemble Feature component Finger vein recognition Guided directional filter 



This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2013R1A1A2013778), and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61063035).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shan Juan Xie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sook Yoon
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jucheng Yang
    • 4
  • Yu Lu
    • 2
  • Dong Sun Park
    • 2
    • 5
  • Bin Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Remote Sensing and Earth ScienceHangzhou Normal UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Division of Electronic and Information EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Multimedia EngineeringMokpo National UniversityJeonnamSouth Korea
  4. 4.College of Computer Science and Information EngineeringTianjin University of Science and TechnologyTianjinChina
  5. 5.IT Convergence Research CenterChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuSouth Korea

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