Cognitive Computation

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 265–271 | Cite as

A Simple Recurrent Network for Implicit Learning of Temporal Sequences

  • Stefan GlügeEmail author
  • Oussama H. Hamid
  • Andreas Wendemuth


A behavioural paradigm for learning arbitrary visuo-motor associations established that human observers learn to associate visual objects with their corresponding motor responses faster if the objects follow a temporal rule rather than if they were presented in a random order. Here, we use a simple recurrent network with a back propagation training algorithm adapted to a reinforcement learning scheme. Our simulations fit quantitatively as well as qualitatively to the behavioural results, endorsing the role of temporal context in associative learning scenarios.


Elman network Sequence learning Reinforcement learning Visuo-motor associations Behavioural models 



The authors acknowledge the support provided by the federal state Sachsen-Anhalt with the Graduiertenförderung (LGFG scholarship).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Glüge
    • 1
    Email author
  • Oussama H. Hamid
    • 2
  • Andreas Wendemuth
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information TechnologyOtto von Guericke University MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany
  2. 2.Cognitive Biology, Institute of Biology (Bldg. 91)Otto von Guericke University MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

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