Health and Technology

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 903–907 | Cite as

Medical bed with integrated toilet: design considerations and utilization by a bedridden patient

  • Hojun Yeom
  • Chan Ho Park
  • Sangsoo ParkEmail author
Short Communication


There have been many attempts to develop a better toileting aid for bedridden patients to replace conventional incontinence products such as absorbent products, indwelling urinary catheters, and bedpans, although without much success. Automatic urine and faeces disposal systems that detect, transport, and store urine and faeces temporarily for future disposal have been developed and commercialized in South Korea and Japan, but they have not been well-received by patients and carers owing to their inconvenience. For better excretion care, we developed a toilet integrated medical bed that is easy to use for both patients and carers. The toilet basin was incorporated onto the pelvis plate of the bed, and the fluid waste in the toilet basin was collected into a plastic bag through a curved waste storage tube attached to the toilet basin. The toilet-integrated medical electric bed was easy to use for an 84-year-old bedridden male patient. He was able to urinate and defaecate without the help of a carer. Independent urination and defaecation helped restore his dignity considerably. This medical bed with an embedded toilet could be a promising solution for excretion care of bedridden patients.


Excretion care Toilet-incorporated medical bed Bed-ridden patient Toileting device Urine and faeces disposal system 



This study was supported in part by the Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy with the National Standard Technical Skill Improvement Project (No. 10049411).

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Eulji university research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

Authors H. Yeom and S. Park declare that they have no conflict of interest. Author C. H. Park provided photos for the manuscript and declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from both the patient interviewed and his personal carer.


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Copyright information

© IUPESM and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of BiotechnologyEulji UniversitySoojung-gu SungnamSouth Korea
  2. 2.Mother’s Hands IncSeoulSouth Korea

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