Race and Social Problems

, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 205–217 | Cite as

Racial Group Comparisons of Conceptualizations of Rap Music Constructs: A Cross-racial Validity Study of the Rap Music Attitude and Perception Scale

  • Edgar H. TysonEmail author
  • Darrin Porcher


Interpretations and perceptions of the effects and content of rap music lyrics have been given considerable attention in the literature in recent years, yet few assessment tools have been developed that can produce reliable and valid inferences about these views. One exception is the Rap-music Attitude and Perception (RAP) Scale. This study examined the cross-racial effects on attitudes toward and perceptions of rap music using a sample of 1,254 college students. A cross-sectional survey design was used to gather these data. Three specific hypotheses were tested and were supported or partially supported. Alpha reliabilities for the full scale and for each of the three sub-scales were good for black and white students separately. Criterion validity for these groups was also good. Finally, tests of factorial equivalence suggested that the factor structure of the RAP was equivalent across racial groups. The RAP is a tool with strong psychometric properties and can be used by practitioners and researchers working with black and white subgroups. Directions for future research on the utility of the RAP are forwarded.


Measurement equivalence Cross-race validity Rap music Hip-hop culture Race differences 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Social ServiceFordham UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeMonroe CollegeBronxUSA

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