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Biophysical Reviews

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 973–982 | Cite as

Genetics of and pathogenic mechanisms in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

  • Anita Kiran Vimalanathan
  • Elisabeth Ehler
  • Katja Gehmlich
Review

Abstract

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart disease, associated with a high risk of sudden cardiac death. ARVC has been termed a ‘disease of the desmosome’ based on the fact that in many cases, it is caused by mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins at the specialised intercellular junctions between cardiomyocytes, the intercalated discs. Desmosomes maintain the structural integrity of the ventricular myocardium and are also implicated in signal transduction pathways. Mutated desmosomal proteins are thought to cause detachment of cardiac myocytes by the loss of cellular adhesions and also affect signalling pathways, leading to cell death and substitution by fibrofatty adipocytic tissue. However, mutations in desmosomal proteins are not the sole cause for ARVC as mutations in non-desmosomal genes were also implicated in its pathogenesis. This review will consider the pathology, genetic basis and mechanisms of pathogenesis for ARVC.

Keywords

Desmosomes Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy Desmoglein Desmocollin Desmoplakin Plakoglobin Plakophilin Sudden cardiac death 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Anita Kiran Vimalanathan declares that she has no conflict of interest. Elisabeth Ehler declares that she has no conflict of interest. Katja Gehmlich declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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© International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular BiophysicsSchool of Basic and Medical BiosciencesLondonUK
  2. 2.School of Cardiovascular Medicine and Sciences, British Heart Foundation Research Excellence CentreKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine and British Heart Foundation Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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