Recent developments in biocatalysis in multiphasic ionic liquid reaction systems
Ionic liquids are well known and frequently used ‘designer solvents’ for biocatalytic reactions. This review highlights recent achievements in the field of multiphasic ionic liquid-based reaction concepts. It covers classical biphasic systems including supported ionic liquid phases, thermo-regulated multi-component solvent systems (TMS) and polymerized ionic liquids. These powerful concepts combine unique reaction conditions with a high potential for future applications on a laboratory and industrial scale. The presence of a multiphasic system simplifies downstream processing due to the distribution of the catalyst and reactants in different phases.
KeywordsIonic liquids Biphasic Enzyme Equilibrium Reaction engineering
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors received funding from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF—Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung; project number: 031A123) and German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, grant numbers: 252186816 and 386850916).
Conflict of interest
Lars-Erik Meyer declares that he has no conflict of interest. Jan von Langermann declares that he has no conflict of interest. Udo Kragl declares that he has no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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