Biophysical Reviews

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 277–278 | Cite as

3Rs and biophysics

  • Cris dos Remedios
  • Michelle Peckham
Letter to the Editor


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. dos Remedios serves on the Board of Medical Advances Without Animals who contributed funding for the 3Rs and Biophysics session. Cristobal G. dos Remedios declares that he has no conflicts of interest. Michelle Peckham declares that she has no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


  1. Helen I, Speirs V, Morrissey B, Blyth K (2017) In vivo models in breast cancer research: progress, challenges and future directions. Dis Model Mech 10:359–371. doi: 10.1242/dmm.028274
  2. Lal S, Li A, Allen D, Allen PD, Bannon P, Cartmill T, Cooke R, Farnsworth A, Keogh A, dos Remedios C (2015) Best practice biobanking of human heart tissue. Biophys Rev 7:399–406. doi: 10.1007/s12551-015-0182-6 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Lal S, Li A, dos Remedios C (2016) Limitations in translating animal studies to humans in cardiovascular disease. J Cardiovasc Transl Res 9:165–166. doi: 10.1007/s12265-016-9676-2 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Speirs V, Roberts S (2017) Advances in the development of improved animal-free models for use in breast cancer biomedical research. Biophys Rev. doi: 10.1007/s12551-017-0276-4
  5. Tiede C, Bedford R, Heseltine SJ, Smith G, Wijetunga I, Ross R, AlQallaf D, Roberts AP, Balls A, Curd A, Hughes RE, Martin H, Needham SR, Zanetti-Domingues LC, Sadigh Y, Peacock TP, Tang AA, Gibson N, Kyle H, Platt GW, Ingram N, Taylor T, Coletta LP, Manfield I, Knowles M, Bell S, Esteves F, Maqbool A, Prasad RK, Drinkhill M, Bon RS, Patel V, Goodchild SA, Martin-Fernandez M, Owens RJ, Nettleship JE, Webb ME, Harrison M, Lippiat JD, Ponnambalam S, Peckham M, Smith A, Ferrigno PK, Johnson M, McPherson MJ, Tomlinson DC (2017) Affimer proteins are versatile and renewable affinity reagents. eLife 6. doi: 10.7554/eLife.24903

Copyright information

© International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Molecular and Cellular BiologyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

Personalised recommendations