Advertisement

Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments

, Volume 97, Issue 3, pp 419–438 | Cite as

Palynology, microfacies and biostratigraphy across the Daleje Event (Lower Devonian, lower to upper Emsian): new insights from the offshore facies of the Prague Basin, Czech Republic

  • Petra Tonarová
  • Stanislava Vodrážková
  • Lenka Ferrová
  • G. Susana de la Puente
  • Olle Hints
  • Jiří Frýda
  • Michal Kubajko
Original Paper

Abstract

The Zlíchovian/Dalejan boundary interval (Emsian, Lower Devonian) of the Pekárek Mill section was studied employing biostratigraphy (dacryoconarid tentaculites, conodonts) and palynology (chitinozoans, prasinophytes, scolecodonts) and microfacies analysis in order to shed more light on the timing and characteristics of the Daleje Event. The results of our study stress the great importance of the base of the Nowakia elegans Zone for the substage level division of the Emsian. Onset of the Daleje transgression is linked with higher terrigenous input, and coinciding changes in the chitinozoan assemblages were recorded at this level. The transgression at the base of the N. elegans Zone preceded the main transgression taking place in the N. cancellata Zone; it can be correlated with the Upper Zlíchov Event. For the first time, Emsian chitinozoans and a jawed polychaete fauna are described in detail from the Prague Basin and can be correlated with other northern Gondwanan regions. The family-level composition of scolecodont assemblage confirms the dominance of paulinitids in the peri-Gondwanan realm.

Keywords

Daleje Event Prague Basin Biostratigraphy Chitinozoans Scolecodonts Microfacies N. elegans Zone 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Czech Science Foundation through the Project No. P210/12/2018. This study is a contribution to IGCP 596 (Climate change and biodiversity patterns in the Mid-Palaeozoic – Early Devonian to Early Carboniferous). One of the authors (SV) wishes to acknowledge the support of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation as part of the study was carried out during her AvH Research Fellowship in Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. The authors gratefully acknowledge the thorough reviews by C. Klug (Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Universität Zürich), L. Slavík (Institute of Geology AS CR, Prague) and an anonymous reviewer.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Aboussalam, Z. S., Becker, T. R., & Bultynck, P. (2015). Emsian (Lower Devonian) conodont stratigraphy and correlation of the Anti-Atlas (Southern Morocco). Bulletin of Geosciences, 90(4), 893–980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Achab, A., Asselin, E., Lavoie, D., & Mussard, J. M. (1997). Chitinozoan assemblages from the third-order transgressive-regressive cycles of the Upper Gaspé Limestones (Lower Devonian) of eastern Canada. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 97, 155–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alberti, G. K. B. (1971). Tentaculiten (Nowakiidae) aus dem Grenzbereich Zlichovium/ Eifelium und Bemerkungen zur Unter-/Mittel-Devon-Grenze nach Nowakiidae. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 52(1), 93–113.Google Scholar
  4. Baccelle, L., & Bosellini, A. (1965). Diagrammi per la stima visiva della composizione percentuale nelle rocce sedimentarie. Annali della Università di Ferrara, Sezione IX, Science Geologiche e Paleontologiche, 1, 59–62.Google Scholar
  5. Becker, R. T. (2007). Emsian substages and the Daleje event—a consideration of conodont, dacryoconarid, ammonoid and sea-level data. Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy Newsletter, 22, 29–32.Google Scholar
  6. Bergman, C. F. (1989). Silurian paulinitid polychaetes from Gotland. Fossils and Strata, 25, 1–128.Google Scholar
  7. Buggisch, W., & Mann, U. (2004). Carbon isotope stratigraphy of Lochkovian to Eifelian limestones from the Devonian of central and southern Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 93, 521–541.Google Scholar
  8. Chlupáč, I. (1983a). Trilobite assemblages in the Devonian of the Barrandian area and their relations to palaeoenvironments. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 17, 45–73.Google Scholar
  9. Chlupáč, I. (1983b). Stratigraphical position of Barrande’s paleontological localities in the Devonian of Central Bohemia. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 28, 261–276.Google Scholar
  10. Chlupáč, I. (2000). Cyclicity and duration of Lower Devonian stages: observations from the Barrandian area, Czech Republic. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 215(1), 97–124.Google Scholar
  11. Chlupáč, I., & Kukal, Z. (1986). Reflection of possible global Devonian events in the Barrandian area, ČSSR. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 8, 169–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chlupáč, I., & Kukal, Z. (1988). Possible global events and the stratigraphy of the Palaeozoic of the Barrandian (Cambrian-Middle Devonian, Czechoslovakia). Sbornik Geologických Věd (Geologie), 43, 83–146.Google Scholar
  13. Chlupáč, I., & Lukeš, P. (1999). Pragian/Zlíchovian and Zlíchovian/Dalejan boundary sections in the Lower Devonian of the Barrandian area, Czech Republic. Newsletters in Stratigraphy, 37, 75–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chlupáč, I., & Turek, V. (1983). Devonian goniatites from the Barrandian area. Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického, 46(1), 1–159.Google Scholar
  15. Chlupáč, I., Lukeš, P., & Zikmundová, J. (1979). The Lower/Middle Devonian boundary beds in the Barrandian area, Czechoslovakia. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 13, 125–156.Google Scholar
  16. Chlupáč, I., Havlíček, V., & Kříž, J. (1998). Palaeozoic of the Barrandian. Prague: Czech Geological Survey. 183 pp.Google Scholar
  17. De Baets, K., Klug, C., Korn, D., & Landman, N. H. (2012). Early evolutionary trends in ammonoid embryonic development. Evolution, 66(6), 1788–1806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Drost, K. (2008). Sources and geotectonic setting of Late Neoproterozoic - Early Palaeozoic volcanosedimentary successions of the Teplá-Barrandian unit (Bohemian Massif): evidence from petrographical, geochemical, and isotope analyses. Geologica Saxonica, 54, 1–168.Google Scholar
  19. Eriksson, M. E., Grahn, Y., Bosetti, E. P., & Vega, C. S. (2011). Malvinokaffric realm polychaetes from the Devonian Ponta Grossa Formation, Parana Basin (Southern Brazil), with a discussion and re-evaluation of the species described by Lange. In E. P. Bosetti, Y. Grahn, & J. H. G. Melo (Eds.), Essays in honour of Frederico Waldemar Lange (pp. 118–150). Rio de Janeiro: Editoria Interciencia.Google Scholar
  20. Eriksson, M. E., Hints, O., Paxton, H., & Tonarová, P. (2013). Ordovician and Silurian polychaete diversity and biogeography. In D. A. T. Harper, & T. Servais (Eds.), Early Palaeozoic biogeography and palaeogeography (pp. 257–264). Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 38.Google Scholar
  21. Ferrová, L., Frýda, J., & Lukeš, P. (2012). High-resolution tentaculite biostratigraphy and facies development across the Early Devonian Daleje Event in the Barrandian (Bohemia): implications for global Emsian stratigraphy. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87, 587–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. García-Alcalde, J. L. (1997). North Gondwanan Emsian events. Episodes, 20, 241–246.Google Scholar
  23. García-Alcalde, J. L., Montesionos, J. R., Truyols-Massoni, M., García-Lopez, S., Arbizu, M. A., & Soto, F. (1988). The Silurian and Devonian of the Palentian domain (NW Spain). Revista de la Sociedad Geológica de España, 1(1–2), 7–13.Google Scholar
  24. Grahn, Y. (2005). Devonian chitinozoan biozones of Western Gondwana. Acta Geologica Polonica, 55, 211–227.Google Scholar
  25. Grahn, Y., Mendlowicz Mauller, P., Bergamaschi, S., & Bosetti, E. P. (2013). Palynology and sequence stratigraphy of three Devonian rock units in the Apucarana Sub-basin (Paraná Basin, south Brazil): additional data and correlation. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 198, 27–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Green, O. R. (2001). A manual of practical laboratory and field techniques in palaeobiology. London: Kluwer. 538 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Havlíček, V., & Vaněk, J. (1996). Brachiopods and trilobites in the Chýnice Limestone (Emsian) at Bubovice (Čeřinka hillside; Prague Basin). Palaeontologia Bohemiae, 2, 1–16.Google Scholar
  28. Havlíček, V., Vaněk, J., & Fatka, O. (1994). Perunica microcontinent in the Ordovician (its position within the Mediterranean Province, series division, benthic and pelagic associations). Sborník geologických věd, odd. Geologie, 46, 23–56.Google Scholar
  29. Hints, O., Paris, F., & Al-Hajri, S. (2015). Late Ordovician scolecodonts from the Qusaiba-1 core hole, central Saudi Arabia, and their paleogeographical affinities. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 212, 85–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. House, M. R. (1985). Correlation of mid-Palaeozoic ammonoid evolutionary events with global sedimentary perturbations. Nature, 313, 17–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jarochowska, E., Tonarová, P., Munnecke, A., Ferrová, L., Sklenář, J., & Vodrážková, S. (2013). An acid-free method of microfossil extraction from clay-rich lithologies using the surfactant Rewoquat. Palaeontologia Electronica, 16(3), 1–16.Google Scholar
  32. Jeppsson, L., Anehus, R., & Fredholm, D. (1999). The optimal acetate buffered acetic acid technique for extracting phosphatic fossils. Journal of Paleontology, 73(5), 964–972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (1966). Polychaete jaw apparatuses from the Ordovician and Silurian of Poland and a comparison with modern forms. Palaeontologia Polonica, 16, 1–152.Google Scholar
  34. Kim, A. I. (2011). Devonian tentaculites from the Kitab State Geological Reserve (Zeravshan-Gissar mountainous area, Uzbekistan). News of paleontology and stratigraphy, 15, 65–82 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  35. Kim, A. T., Yolkin, E. A., Erina, M. V. & Gratsianova, R. T. (1978). Type section of the Lower and Middle Devonian boundary beds in the middle Asia. Field session of the International Subcomission of Devonian system. A guide to field excursions. Tashkent, 54 pp.Google Scholar
  36. Klapper, G., & Johnson, J. G. (1980). Endemism and dispersal of Devonian conodonts. Journal of Palaeontology, 54(2), 400–455.Google Scholar
  37. Klapper, G., Ziegler, W., & Mashkova, T. V. (1978). Conodonts and correlation of Lower–Middle Devonian boundary beds in the Barrandian area of Czechoslovakia. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 12, 103–116.Google Scholar
  38. Korn, D., Klug, C., & Walton, S. A. (2015). Taxonomic diversity and morphological disparity of Paleozoic ammonoids. In C. Klug, D. Korn, K. De Baets, I. Kruta, & R. H. Mapes (Eds.), Ammonoid paleobiology, volume II: from macroevolution to paleogeography. Topics in geobiology, 44 (pp. 431–464). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kraft, P., Lehnert, O., & Frýda, J. (2004). Evolution of the Prague Basin reflecting the lifecycle of the Rheic Ocean. In P. Kraft, U. Linnemann & S. Mazur (Eds.), Gondwanan margin of the Rheic Ocean in the Bohemian Massif. Excursion guidebooks and abstracts, opening meeting of the IGCP project No. 497. (p. 101). Prague.Google Scholar
  40. Krs, M., Krsová, P., Pruner, P., & Havlíček, V. (1986). Paleomagnetism, palaeogeography and multi-component analysis of magnetisation of Ordovician rocks of the Barrandian in the Bohemian Massif. Sborník geologických věd, Užitá Geofyzika, 22, 9–48.Google Scholar
  41. Lange, F. W. (1949). Polychaete annelids from the Devonian of Parana, Brazil. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 33, 5–103.Google Scholar
  42. McGregor, D. C. (1979). Devonian spores from the Barrandian region of Czechoslovakia and their significance for interfacies correlation. Geological Survey of Canada Paper, 79, 189–197.Google Scholar
  43. Montesinos, J. R., & Truyols-Massoni, M. (1987). La Fauna de Anetoceras y el límite Zlichoviense-Dalejiense en el Dominio Paleontino (NO. de España). Cuadernos do Laboratorio Xeoloxico de Laxe, 11, 191–208.Google Scholar
  44. Paris, F. (1981a). Les chitinozoaries dans le paléozoïque du sud-ouest de l’Europe. Mémoires de la Société géologique et minéralogique de Bretagne, 26(412), 1–496.Google Scholar
  45. Paris, F. (1981b). Les chitinozoaires. In P. Morzadec, F. Paris & P. Racheboeuf (Eds.), La tranchée de la Lezais Emsien Supérieur du Massif Armoricain. Mémoires de la Société géologique et minéralogique de Bretagne, 24(313), 55–75.Google Scholar
  46. Paris, F., Winchester-Seeto, T., Boumendjel, K., & Grahn, Y. (2000). Toward a global biozonation of Devonian chitinozoans. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 220, 39–55.Google Scholar
  47. Salvador, A. (2013). International stratigraphic guide. Second edition. Boulder: Geological Society of America, 214 pp.Google Scholar
  48. Šnajdr, M. (1951). O errantních Polychaetech z českého spodního paleozoika (translated title: On errant polychaetes from the Czech Lower Palaeozoic). Sborník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 18, 241–292.Google Scholar
  49. Suttner, T. J., & Hints, O. (2010). Devonian scolecodonts from the Tyrnaueralm, Graz Palaeozoic, Austria. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 39, 139–145.Google Scholar
  50. Svoboda, J., & Prantl, F. (1948). O stratigrafii a tektonice staršího paleozoika v okolí Chýnice (translated title: The stratigraphy and tectonics of the Early Palaeozoic in the vicinity of Chýnice). Sborník Státního geologického ústavu, 15, 1–40.Google Scholar
  51. Szaniawski, H., & Drygant, D. (2014). Early Devonian scolecodonts from Podolia, Ukraine. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(4), 967–983.Google Scholar
  52. Tappan, H. (1980). The paleobiology of plant protists. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman. 1028 pp.Google Scholar
  53. Tappan, H. (1986). Phytoplankton: below the salt at the global table. Journal of Paleontology, 60, 545–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Taugourdeau, P. (1968). Les scolecodontes du Siluro-Dévonien et du Carbonifére de sondages sahariens; Stratigraphie-systematique (translated title: Scolecodonts from the Siluro-Devonian and Carboniferous of Saharan borings; systematics and stratigraphy). Revue de l’Institut Français du Pétrole et Annales des Combustibles liquids, 23, 1219–1271.Google Scholar
  55. Taugourdeau, P. & Jekhowsky, B. de (1960). Répartition et description des chitinozoaires Siluro-Dévoniens de quelques sondages de la C. R. E. P. S., de la C. F. P. A. et de la S. N. Repal au Sahara. Revue de l'Institut Français du Pétrole et Annales des Combustibles liquides, 15(9), 1199–1260.Google Scholar
  56. Tonarová, P., Eriksson, M. E., & Hints, O. (2012). A jawed polychaete fauna across the late Ludlow Kozlowskii event interval from the Prague Basin (Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(3), 713–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tonarová, P., Hints, O., & Eriksson, M. E. (2014). Polychaetes and the end-Ordovician mass extinction: new data from the basal Silurian Varbola formation of Estonia. In H. Bauert, O. Hints, T. Meidla, & P. Männik (Eds.), 4th Annual meeting of IGCP 591, Estonia, 10 –19 June 2014. Abstracts and field guide (p. 93). Tartu: University of Tartu.Google Scholar
  58. Tonarová, P., Hints, O., Königshof, P., Suttner, T. J., Kido, E., Da Silva, A., & Pas, D. (2016). A Middle Devonian jawed polychaete fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinities. Papers in Palaeontology, 2(2), 295–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Urban, J. B. (1972). A reexamination of Chitinozoa from the Cedar Valley. Formation of Iowa with observations on their morphology and distribution. Bulletin of American Paleontologist, 275, 1–44.Google Scholar
  60. Urban, J. B., & Newport, R. L. (1973). Chitinozoan of the Wapsipinicon Formation (Middle Devonian) of Iowa. Micropaleontology, 19(2), 239–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vodrážková, S., Frýda, J., Suttner, T. J., Koptíková, L., & Tonarová, P. (2013). Environmental changes close to the Lower-Middle Devonian boundary; the Basal Choteč Event in the Prague Basin (Czech Republic). Facies, 59, 425–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Volkheimer, W., Melendi, D. L., & Salas, A. (1986). Devonian chitinozoans from northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 173, 229–251.Google Scholar
  63. Walliser, O. H. (1985). Natural boundaries and Commission boundaries in the Devonian. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 75, 401–408.Google Scholar
  64. Ye, X. (1994). Upper Silurian to Devonian scolecodont fossils from west Qinling mountains. Acta Micropaleontologica Sinica, 11, 479–501.Google Scholar
  65. Žák, J., Kraft, P., & Hajná, J. (2013). Timing, styles, and kinematics of Cambro–Ordovician extension in the Teplá–Barrandian unit, Bohemian Massif, and its bearing on the opening of the Rheic Ocean. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 102, 415–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Czech Geological SurveyPrague 5Czech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.CONICET, Dpto. de Geología y Petróleo, Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad Nacional del ComahueNeuquénArgentina
  4. 4.Institute of GeologyTallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia

Personalised recommendations