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The Vallesian bovid association from the Ouranopithecus-bearing site of Xirochori-1 (Axios Valley, Greece)

  • Dimitris S. KostopoulosEmail author
  • Louis de Bonis
  • George D. Koufos
Research Paper
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The study of the bovid assemblage from the primate-bearing site of Xirochori-1 in Axios Valley, Northern Greece, reveals the presence of four taxa, namely Gazella sp., Ouzocerus cf. pentalophosi, Helladorcas sp. and ‘Protoryx’ sp., and allows updating the faunal list of the Xirochori-1 Vallesian mammal fauna, dated at around 9.6 Ma. Gazella sp. from Xirochori-1 is distinct from Gazella sp. from the late Early Vallesian fauna from Pentalophos-1, suggesting the presence of two gazelle lineages in the Vallesian of Greece, the former possibly related to the Turolian Gazella pilgrimi. The solid evidence of Ouzocerus and Helladorcas in Xirochori-1 extends the ranges of these two genera into the Late Vallesian of Greece, whereas the presence of a large bovid of the ‘Protoryx group’ increases the signal of caprine-like bovids in the Vallesian of the area. The revision of the Xirochori-1 bovids allows reconsidering the changes through time of the artiodactyl assemblage associated with the hominoid primate Ouranopithecus.

Keywords

Bovidae Mammalia Late Miocene Greece Ouranopithecus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We warmly thank G. Bouvrain for providing us access to her notes and data on the Xirochori-1 bovids; this work is dedicated to her. Denis Geraads, Thomas Mörs, an anonymous reviewer and the Editor-in-Chief, Mike Reich, are thanked for fruitful comments and suggestions.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Laboratoire Paléontologie-Évolution-Paléoécosystèmes-Paléoprimatologie, UMR CNRS 7262 PALEVOPRIMUniversité de Poitiers - UFR SFA - Bât. B35Poitiers Cedex 9France

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