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PalZ

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 661–669 | Cite as

Reappraisal of the early Permian dissorophid Alegeinosaurus from Texas, USA

  • Bryan M. Gee
Research Paper

Abstract

Alegeinosaurus aphthitos is a poorly known dissorophid from the early Permian Arroyo Formation of Texas that is represented by a partial articulated block of postcrania, including an articulated pectoral girdle, portions of the ribcage, and articulated vertebrae with osteoderms. It is one of several dissorophid taxa whose placement within the family is unquestioned, but whose anatomy and taxonomy are too poorly resolved to be relevant for current comparative and phylogenetic studies. A redescription of the holotype is presented here to provide a more thorough characterization of its morphology and to address its taxonomic standing. Various aspects of the postcrania conform to those previously reported from the basal dissorophid Aspidosaurus, in particular the unique nature of a single series of keeled osteoderms fused to transversely expanded dorsal tips of the spines. Alegeinosaurus is herein designated as a junior synonym of Aspidosaurus, thereby resolving the relationships of a poorly known taxon and expanding the characterized postcranial regions of Aspidosaurus for future comparative work on dissorophid postcrania.

Keywords

Alegeinosaurus Aspidosaurus Dissorophidae Permian 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank C. Mehling and M. Norell for facilitating a collection visit to the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). Thanks to the reviewers, F. Witzmann and P. Skutschas, and to the Associate Editor, N. Fröbisch, for insightful comments that improved this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Paläontologische Gesellschaft 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada

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