Advertisement

PalZ

, Volume 91, Issue 3, pp 283–290 | Cite as

A new genus and species of fossil scorpion (?Euscorpiidae) from the Early–Middle Eocene of Pesciara (Bolca, Italy)

  • Gabriele KühlEmail author
  • Wilson R. Lourenço
Research Paper

Abstract

Fossil scorpions are among the oldest terrestrial arthropods known from the fossil record. They have a worldwide distribution and a rich fossil record, especially for the Paleozoic. Fossil scorpions from Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits are usually rare (except in amber-deposits). Here, we describe the only fossil scorpion from the Early to Middle Eocene Pesciara Lagerstätte in Italy. Eoeuscorpius ceratoi gen. et sp. nov. is probably a genus and species within the family Euscorpiidae. This may be the first fossil record of the Euscorpiidae, which are so far only known from four extant genera. Eoeuscorpius ceratoi gen. et sp. nov. was found in the “Lower Part” of the Pesciara Limestone, which is actually dated Late Ypresian stage (between 49.5 and 49.7 Ma). Besides a possible pseudoscorpion, the here-described fossil scorpion is the second arachnid species known from the Bolca Locality.

Keywords

Pesciara of Bolca Euscorpiidae Lower Eocene Scorpions 

Kurzfassung

Fossile Skorpione gehören zu den ältesten terrestrischen Arthropoden im Fossilbericht. Sie haben eine weltweite Verbreitung und weisen vor allem im Paläozoikum einen guten Fossilbericht auf. Fossile Skorpione aus dem Mesozoikum und Känozoikum sind eher selten (außer in Bernstein-Vorkommen). In dieser Arbeit beschreiben wir einen fossilen Skorpion aus der unter- bis mitteleozänen Pesciara-Lagerstätte in Italien. Eoeuscorpius ceratoi gen. et sp. nov., ist möglicherweise eine Gattung und Art innerhalb der Euscorpiidae. Das könnte der erste fossile Nachweis der Euscorpiidae sein, welche bislang nur durch vier lebende Gattungen bekannt waren. Eoeuscorpius ceratoi gen. et sp. nov., wurde in den „Unteren Ablagerungen“ der Pesciara-Kalksteine gefunden, die gegenwärtig in das späte Ypresium datiert werden (zwischen 49.5 und 49.7 Millionen Jahre). Neben einem möglichen Pseudoscorpion, ist der hier beschriebene fossile Skorpion erst die zweite beschriebene Arachnidenart, die von der Bolca-Lagerstätte bekannt ist.

Schlüsselwörter

Pesciara von Monte Bolca Euscorpiidae Unteres Eozän Skorpione 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Before all others, we thank Mr. Massimo Cerato (Verona) for access to his fossil scorpion. We also sincerely thank Roberto Zorzin (Verona) for friendly communication, for information on the fossil and helpful comments on the manuscript. Additionally, we thank Torsten Wappler (Bonn) for technical help with pictures and Georg Oleschinski (Bonn) for the high-quality photographs. Additionally, we would like to thank the reviewers (Jason Dunlop and Andrea Rossi) and editors (Joachim Haug and Mike Reich) for helpful comments and constructive suggestions, which helped to improve our manuscript.

References

  1. Briggs, D.E.G., and S. McMahon. 2016. The role of experiments in investigating the taphonomy of exceptional preservation. Palaeontology 59: 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carnevale, G., A.F. Bannikov, G. Marramà, J.C. Tyler, R. Zorzin, and G. Carnevale. 2014. The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 2. Fishes and other vertebrates. In The Bolca Fossil-Lagerstätten: A window into the Eocene World, eds. C.A. Papazzoni, L. Guisberti, G. Roghi, D. Bassi, and R. Zorzin, 37–64. Milano. (Supplemento al Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 53(1) = Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana 4).Google Scholar
  3. Cerato, M. 2011. Cerato. I pescatori del Tempo. San Giovanni Ilarione (VR): Grafica Alpone.Google Scholar
  4. Dunlop, J.A. 2010. Geological history and phylogeny of Chelicerata. Arthropod Structure and Development 29: 124–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dunlop, J.A., D. Penney, O.E. Teltie, and L.I. Anderson. 2008. How many species of fossil arachnids are there? The Journal of Arachnology 36: 267–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunlop, J. A., D. Penney, D. Jekel. 2017. A summary list of fossil spiders and their relatives. In World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 18.0, accessed on [15.03.2017].
  7. Guisberti, L., M. Fornasiero, and R. Zorzin. 2014. The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 4. The "minor fauna" of the laminites. In The Bolca Fossil-Lagerstätten: A window into the Eocene World, eds. C.A. Papazzoni, L. Guisberti, G. Carnevale, G. Roghi, D. Bassi, and R. Zorzin, 73–88. Milano. (Supplemento al Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 53(1) = Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana 4).Google Scholar
  8. Lourenço, W.R. 2003. The first scorpion fossil from the Cretaceous amber of France. New implications for the phylogeny of Chactoidea. Comptes Rendus Palevol (Académie des Sciences) Paris 2: 213–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lourenço, W. R. 2009. A synopsis on amber scorpions, with special reference to the Baltic fauna. Denisia (n. ser.) 86: 131–136.Google Scholar
  10. Lourenço, W.R. 2014. A new species of scorpion from Chiapas amber, Mexico (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnologia 24: 59–63.Google Scholar
  11. Lourenço, W.R. 2015. Scorpion diversity and distribution; past and present patterns. In Scorpion venoms, toxinology, eds. P. Gopalakrishnakone, L.D. Possani, E. Schwartz, R.C. Rodriguez, and de la Vega, 3–23. Heidelberg: Springer + Business Media Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  12. Lourenço, W.R. 2016. A Synopsis on amber scorpions with special reference to Burmite species; an extraordinary development of our knowledge in only 20 years. Zookeys 600: 75–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Papazzoni, C.A., G. Carnevale, E. Fornaciari, L. Guisberti, and E. Trevisani. 2014. The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 1. Biostratigraphy, sedimentology and depositional model. In The Bolca Fossil-Lagerstätten: A window into the Eocene World, eds. C.A. Papazzoni, L. Guisberti, G. Carnevale, G. Roghi, D. Bassi, and R. Zorzin, 29–36. Milano. (Supplemento al Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 53(1) = Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana 4).Google Scholar
  14. Schwark, L., A. Ferretti, C.A. Papazzoni, and E. Trevisani. 2009. Organic geochemistry and paleoenvironment of the Early Eocene “Pesciara di Bolca” Konservat-Lagerstätte, Italy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 273: 272–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sissom, W.D. 1990. Systematics, biogeography and paleontology. In Biology of scorpions, ed. G.A. Polis, 64–160. Stanford: Stanford University.Google Scholar
  16. Tang, C.M. 2001. Monte bolca: an eocene fishbowl. In Exceptional fossil preservation, eds. D.J. Bottjer, W. Etter, J.W. Hagadorn, and C.M. Tang, 365–378. New York: Columbia University.Google Scholar
  17. Vachon, M. 1963. De l’utilité, en systématique, d’une nomenclature des dents des chélicères chez les Scorpions. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (2e sér.) 35(2): 161–166.Google Scholar
  18. Vachon, M. 1974. Etude des caractères utilisés pour classer les familles et les genres de Scorpions (Arachnides). 1. La trichobothriotaxie en arachnologie. Sigles trichobothriaux et types de trichobothriotaxie chez les Scorpions. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (3e sér.) 140: 857–958.Google Scholar
  19. Wilde, V., G. Roghi, and E. Martinetto. 2014. The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 3. Flora. In The Bolca Fossil-Lagerstätten: A window into the Eocene World, eds. C.A. Papazzoni, L. Guisberti, G. Carnevale, G. Roghi, D. Bassi, and R. Zorzin, 65–72. Milano. (Supplemento al Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 53(1) = Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana 4).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paläontologische Gesellschaft 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divison of PalaeontologySteinmann InstituteBonnGermany
  2. 2.Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), UMR7205-CNRS, MNHN, UPMC, EPHEMuséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne UniversitésParisFrance

Personalised recommendations