Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 88, Issue 4, pp 495–502 | Cite as

A new trap-jaw ant species of the genus Odontomachus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) from the Early Miocene (Burdigalian) of the Czech Republic

  • Torsten Wappler
  • Gennady M. Dlussky
  • Michael S. Engel
  • Jakub Prokop
  • Stanislav Knor


Odontomachus paleomyagra sp. nov. is described from the Early Miocene of the Most Basin (Czech Republic) on the basis of a single-winged female, representing one of the rare reports of fossil Odontomachini. The new species is separated easily from other trap-jaw ant species groups by differences in mandibular morphology (without denticles on the inner side) and distributional occurrence. The evolutionary and biogeographic history of the Odontomachini is briefly discussed.


Ponerinae Odontomachus New species Miocene Most Basin Czech Republic Trap-jaw ants 


Aus dem Unter-Miozän im Most Becken (Nord Böhmen; Tschechische Republik) wird erstmals ein Exemplar der Ameisen-Gattung Odontomachus beschrieben und abgebildet. Die neue Art, Odontomachus paleomyagra sp. nov., unterscheidet sich von anderen Angehörigen der Schnappkieferameisen, vor allem durch Unterschiede in der Morphologie der Mandibeln (ohne Zähnchen an der Innenseite) und ihrer ungewöhnliche biogeographischen Verbreitung. Die evolutionäre und biogeographische Geschichte der Odontomachini wird kurz diskutiert.


Ponerinae Odontomachus Neue Art Miozän Most Becken Tschechien Schnappkieferameisen 



We thank Ryan C. McKellar for his constructive comments on the manuscript. Our special thanks go to Zdeněk Dvořák (Bílina Mine) for assistance and access to the Bílina Mine enterprise collection and Dorothea Kranz for the reconstruction. The research received support from grants of the German Science Foundation WA 1492/3-1; 4-1; 6-1 (to T.W.) and the grant agency of the Czech Republic No. 205/09/J019 (to J.P.). G.M.D. was most recently funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 11-04-00421. S.K. acknowledges the support of his doctoral study by the Charles University Grant Agency (GAUK) (No. 287911/2011/B-Bio/PřF) and SVV project (Integrative Animal Biology) No. SVV-2013-267-201.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torsten Wappler
    • 1
  • Gennady M. Dlussky
    • 2
  • Michael S. Engel
    • 3
  • Jakub Prokop
    • 4
  • Stanislav Knor
    • 4
  1. 1.Section Palaeontology, Steinmann InstituteUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Department of Evolution, Biological FacultyM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Division of Entomology Natural History Museum, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  4. 4.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePraha 2Czech Republic

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