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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 87, Issue 4, pp 543–548 | Cite as

A Belonostomus tenuirostris (Actinopterygii: Aspidorhynchidae) from the Late Jurassic of Kelheim (southern Germany) preserved with its last meal

  • Ilja KoganEmail author
  • Martin Licht
ShortCommunication

Abstract

A Belonostomus tenuirostris (Agassiz, 1833) from Late Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) of Kelheim (Solnhofen area; Bavaria, southern Germany) that was preserved with three prey fishes in its digestive tract is described. Two of the prey fishes can be assigned to cf. Leptolepides (Orthogonikleithridae), whereas the third possibly represents a juvenile Caturus sp. (Caturidae). This is the first record of a Belonostomus with several prey animals, and the first evidence of a caturid predated by an aspidorhynchid.

Keywords

Gut contents Orthogonikleithridae Caturidae Predation Solnhofen area 

Kurzfassung

Ein Belonostomus tenuirostris (Agassiz, 1833) aus dem späten Kimmeridgium (spätes Jura) von Kelheim (Solnhofen-Areal; Bayern, Süddeutschland) enthält drei in seinem Verdauungstrakt erhaltene Beutefische. Zwei von ihnen lassen sich cf. Leptolepides (Orthogonikleithridae) zuordnen, während es sich bei dem dritten möglicherweise um einen juvenilen Caturus sp. (Caturidae) handelt. Dies ist der erste Fund eines Belonostomus mit mehreren Beutetieren und der Erstnachweis von Caturus als Beute eines Aspidorhynchiden.

Schlüsselwörter

Mageninhalte Orthogonikleithridae Caturidae Räuber-Beute-Beziehung Solnhofen-Areal 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to Markus Wilmsen (SNSD) for providing access to the specimens and technical assistance, to Adriana López-Arbarello (Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie München), Franziska Schmücker (Universität Göttingen), Martin Ebert (Jura-Museum Eichstätt), and Patrick Chellouche (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg) for information and discussions, and to Martin Konwert (Universität Greifswald) for valuable suggestions on the prey fishes. Comments by Jörg W. Schneider (TU Bergakademie Freiberg) and the reviewers Gloria Arratia and Sergio Bogan greatly improved the manuscript. IK’s work was supported by a Ph.D. scholarship from the State of Saxony.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geologisches Institut, Bereich PaläontologieTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and BiodiversityMuseum für NaturkundeBerlinGermany

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