Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 87, Issue 3, pp 437–444

First fossil horsefly (Diptera: Tabanidae) in Miocene Mexican amber

  • Jonina Strelow
  • Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer
  • Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal
  • Jes Rust
Short communication

Abstract

The fossil record of the Tabanidae is sparse when compared with other families of Diptera. Even in amber they are rare, probably because of their size and specific flight behavior. Horseflies from amber are only known from Cretaceous age New Jersey amber as well as from the Tertiary age Baltic and Dominican amber, but are herein described for the first time, with Stenotabanus oleariorum sp. n., from Mexican amber. The new species is compared to the fossil horseflies of the same genus S.brodzinskyi Lane, Poinar and Fairchild 1988 and S.woodruffi Lane and Fairchild 1989 from Dominican amber.

Keywords

Diptera Tabaninae Diachlorini Taxonomy Taphonomy Mexican amber 

Kurzfassung

Der Fossilbericht der Tabaniden ist, im Vergleich zu anderen Dipterenfamilien insgesamt noch sehr spärlich. Auch in Bernsteinvorkommen sind Tabaniden selten, vermutlich wegen ihrer Größe und ihrem speziellen Flugverhalten. Tabaniden in Bernstein sind bis jetzt nur aus dem kreidezeitlichen Bernstein von New Jersey sowie dem tertiären Baltischen und Dominikanischen Bernstein bekannt. In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wird die erste Tabanide aus dem Mexikanischen Bernstein, Stenotabanus oleariorum sp. n, beschrieben. Die neue Art wird mit den beiden bis heute einzigen bekannten fossilen Tabaniden der gleichen Gattungen (S. brodzinskyi Lane, Poinar and Fairchild 1988 und S. woodruffi Lane and Fairchild 1989) des Dominikanischen Bernsteins verglichen.

Schlüsselwörter

Diptera Tabanidae Diachlorini Taxonomie Taphonomie Mexikanischer Bernstein 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonina Strelow
    • 1
  • Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal
    • 3
  • Jes Rust
    • 1
  1. 1.Steinmann-Institut für Geologie, Mineralogie und PaläontologieRheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und NaturmuseumFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Instituto de Ecología, A.CXalapaMexico

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