Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 87, Issue 3, pp 423–430 | Cite as

A goose-sized anseriform bird from the late Oligocene of France: the youngest record and largest species of Romainvilliinae

Research Paper

Abstract

We describe a new anseriform bird from the late Oligocene of Saint-André, Marseille, in southern France. Saintandreachenoides, gen. et sp. nov. is the first avian species reported from the locality, which is well known for its mammalian fossils. The new species belongs to the extinct Romainvilliinae and represents the latest occurrence of the taxon, which was before only known from the late Eocene and early Oligocene of Europe. S.chenoides is also the largest species of Romainvilliinae and increases the known morphological diversity of the taxon. The identification of a goose-sized representative of the Romainvilliinae in the late Oligocene of Europe raises the possibility that some of the large late Paleogene or early Neogene Anseriformes with uncertain phylogenetic affinities also belong to this taxon.

Keywords

Fossil birds Anseriformes Chattian Saint-André Saintandreachenoides, gen. et sp. nov. 

Kurzfassung

Wir beschreiben einen anseriformen Vogel aus dem späten Oligozän von Saint-André, Marseille, in Südfrankreich. Saintandreachenoides, gen. et sp. nov. ist die erste Vogelart von dieser für ihre Säugetierfossilien bekannten Fundstelle. Die neue Art gehört zu dem ausgestorbenen Taxon Romainvilliinae und stellt den spätesten Nachweis dieses Taxons dar, welches zuvor nur aus dem späten Eozän und frühen Oligozän bekannt war. S.chenoides ist zudem der größte Vertreter der Romainvilliinae und erhöht die bekannte morphologische Diversität des Taxons. Identifikation eines gänsegroßen Vertreters der Romainvilliinae im späten Oligozän Europas wirft die Möglichkeit auf, dass andere große Anseriformes aus dem späten Paläogen und frühen Neogen, deren phylogenetische Stellung unsicher ist, ebenfalls zu diesem Taxon gehören.

Schlüsselwörter

Fossile Vögel Anseriformes Chattium Saint-André Saintandreachenoides gen. et sp. nov. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sektion Ornithologie, Forschungsinstitut SenckenbergFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, GeowissenschaftenBaselSwitzerland

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