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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 49–65 | Cite as

An earliest Givetian “Lilliput Effect” in the Paraná Basin, and the collapse of the Malvinokaffric shelly fauna

  • Elvio Pinto Bosetti
  • Yngve Grahn
  • Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski
  • Paula Mendlowicz Mauller
  • Pierre Breuer
  • Carolina Zabini
Research Paper

Abstract

An earliest Givetian “Lilliput Effect” at Sítio Wolff and São Bento in the Paraná Basin occurred after an extinction event, possibly related to the latest Eifelian KAČÁK Event. The Malvinokaffric fauna was reduced from 65 genera before the extinction event to eight genera after the event. However, the abundance of the individual taxa is high. The size reduction of the surviving taxa was up to 90%. The palynomorphs during the extinction and post-extinction (“Lilliput Effect”) events are scarce. Normal palynomorph abundance and diversity is restored later in the early Givetian immediately after the post-extinction event. The relictual fauna in the beds with the “Lilliput Effect” at Sítio Wolff and São Bento constitute the last survivors of the classical Malvinokaffric shelly fauna in the Paraná Basin, and are at these sites mixed with immigrants and alien elements (e.g. orthoconic nautiloids).

Keywords

“Lilliput Effect” Earliest Givetian KAČÁK Event Malvinokaffric fauna Paraná Basin 

Kurzfassung

Im Gebiet von Sítio Wolff und São Bento des Paraná-Beckens tritt im frühesten Givetium ein „Liliput-ffekt” auf, der einem Aussterbeereignis folgt, das möglicherweise Bezug zum KAČÁK-Event des späten Eifeliums hat. Die Malvinokaffrische Fauna wurde von 65 Gattungen vor dem Aussterbeereignis auf acht Gattungen danach reduziert. Dennoch bleibt die Häufigkeit individueller Taxa hoch. Die Größenreduktion überlebender Taxa erreicht 90%. Weiterhin sind Palynomorphen während des Aussterbeereignisses und des „Liliput-Effekts” selten. Normale Häufigkeit und Diversität erreichen die Palynomorphen erst später im frühen Givetium, unmittelbar nach dem Auftreten des „Liliput-Effekts”. Die Reliktfauna aus den Lagen mit „Liliput-Effekt” im Gebiet von Sítio Wolff und São Bento beinhaltet die letzten Rudimente der klassischen Malvinokaffrischen Schalen-Fauna im Paraná-Becken. Sie vermischt sich hier mit eingewanderten Formen und exotischen Elementen (z. B. orthoconen Nautiloiden).

Schlüsselwörter

„Liliput-Effekt” frühestes Givetium KAČÁK-Event Malvinokaffrische Fauna Paraná-Becken 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Elvio Pinto Bosetti acknowledges Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico (CNPq, PQ 480427/2007-0), Rafael Costa da Silva CPRM-RJ, for improving ichnofossil taxonomy, Juliana de Morais Leme (Universidade de São Paulo—USP), for improving conulariid taxonomy, and Dmitry A. Ruban (Rostov-na-Donu, Russia), for valuable suggestions. Yngve Grahn thanks the Faculty of Geology at Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) and Dr C. S. Valladares, head of the post-graduate program at the Faculty of Geology, for access to the facilities, and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico (CNPq, PQ 309751/2007-1) which made his work possible through grants. Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski thanks CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior), Paula Mendlowicz Mauller CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, BEX 4515/05-6), and Carolina Zabini the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico (CNPq, 140659/2007-2) for grants. Pierre Breuer acknowledges the Saudi Arabian Oil company (Saudi Aramco) for granting permission to work on this published material. Prof. emer. Art Boucot (Corvallis, Oregon) and Prof. emer. Adam Urbanek (Warsaw, Poland) read the manuscript, and their comments were most useful. The comments and linguistic correction by the two reviewers, Prof. emer. Art Boucot (Corvallis, Oregon) and Prof. emer. Geoffrey Playford (Brisbane, Australia) greatly improved the content of the manuscript. Dr Thomas Heuse (Jena, Germany) made the German translations. Willian Mikio Kurita Matsumura (UEPG, Ponta Grossa) is acknowledged for help in field and improvement of the illustrations. Our sincere thanks to all.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elvio Pinto Bosetti
    • 1
  • Yngve Grahn
    • 2
  • Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski
    • 3
  • Paula Mendlowicz Mauller
    • 2
  • Pierre Breuer
    • 4
  • Carolina Zabini
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratório de PaleontologiaUniversidade Estadual de Ponta GrossaPonta GrossaBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de GeologiaUniversidade do Estado do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em GeociênciasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  4. 4.Saudi AramcoGeological Technical Services DivisionDhahranSaudi Arabia

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