Analytical Modelling of Temperature in Cylindrical Grinding to Predict Grinding Burns

  • Azhar Thanedar
  • Ganesh G. Dongre
  • Suhas S. JoshiEmail author
Regular Paper


The direct measurement of grinding temperature is always difficult due to coolant cover and very size of work and wheel interaction zone. At the same time, high heat generation in grinding often leads to grinding burns thereby affecting surface integrity; in this context, theoretical evaluation of temperature could facilitate early detection of the grinding burns. This paper therefore presents an analytical model to evaluate grinding temperature and correlates it with the occurrence of grinding burns in terms of BNA. In general, the analytical approach involves evaluating real contact length, grinding forces and finally grinding zone temperature for the plunge cylindrical grinding. The maximum rise in grinding temperature at the surface was calculated, for the wet grinding process by considering the total heat flux entering into the grinding system. Model validation experiments have been performed to measure BNA and identify parametric conditions that produce grinding burns. The model estimate of grinding zone temperature of 631 °C is in good agreement (92%) with other research works. Further, when the calculated grinding temperature reaches beyond 631 °C, the grinding burns are observed on the work surface with a BNA value of the order of 100 mp for the micro alloyed steel. The minimum thermal damage in terms of BNA is observed at higher levels of wheel speed and spark-out time and lower levels of depth of cut.


Cylindrical grinding BNA Grinding temperature Temperature analysis 



Spherical grain diameter


Number of active grains per unit area


Specific heat density of work material


Modulus of elasticity of work-piece


Modulus of elasticity of grinding wheel


Elastic properties of work-wheel


Friction coefficient between chip, grain, and the work-piece


Normal grinding force

\(F_{n}^{\prime }\)

Specific normal grinding force

\(F_{nchip}^{\prime }\)

Specific normal cutting force

\(F_{nslide}^{\prime }\)

Specific normal sliding force

\(F_{nplough}^{\prime }\)

Specific normal ploughing force


Brinell hardness number of the work-piece


Paclet number


Size of an abrasive grain mesh size


Surface roughness


Contact length ratio


Roughness factor


Work-wheel fraction


Chip temperature


Wheel velocity


Work velocity


Depth of cut


Impression diameter


Width of grinding


Equivalent diameter of abrasive grain


Equivalent diameter of grinding wheel


Dynamic factor


Diameter of grinding wheel


Diameter of work-piece


Fraction of abrasive grain that actively cut in grinding


Average un-deformed chip thickness


Fluid convection factor


Thermal conductivity


Real contact length


Rough length of contact due to deflection


Smooth length of contact due to deflection


Geometric length of contact


Work-piece speed


Specific chip heat flux


Specific coolant heat flux


Total heat flux




Poisson’s ratio of workpiece


Poisson’s ratio of grinding wheel


Thermal diffusivity


Material thermal property


Density of work material


Maximum rise in surface temperature


Fraction of energy entering into the work surface


Deflection due to normal grinding force


Approach angle



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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Precision Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azhar Thanedar
    • 1
  • Ganesh G. Dongre
    • 2
  • Suhas S. Joshi
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Kalyani Centre for Technology and InnovationBharat Forge Ltd.PuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Production EngineeringVishwakarma Institute of TechnologyPuneIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia

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