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Investigation of grinding characteristic using nanofluid minimum quantity lubrication

  • Cong MaoEmail author
  • Xiaojun Tang
  • Hongfu Zou
  • Xiangming Huang
  • Zhixiong Zhou
Article

Abstract

Conventional grinding fluid is widely used in grinding process, which results in high consumption and impacting the environment. The promising alternative to conventional dry and fluid coolant application is minimum quantity lubrication (MQL). It is known that the cooling and lubrication performance of the grinding fluid is the key technical area for the success application of MQL grinding process. In this study, Water based Al2O3 nanofluid was applied to grinding process with MQL approach for its excellent convection heat transfer and thermal conductivity properties. The grinding characteristics of hardened AISI 52100 steel were investigated and compared with those of wet, dry and pure water MQL grinding. Experimental results show that water based Al2O3 nanofluid MQL grinding can significantly reduce the grinding temperature, decrease the grinding forces, improve the ground surface morphology and reduce the surface roughness in comparison to pure water MQL grinding. Furthermore, the cooling and lubricating mechanism for nanofluid MQL grinding was discussed in detail.

Keywords

Grinding Nanofluid Minimum quantity lubrication Cooling 

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Precision Engineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cong Mao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaojun Tang
    • 2
  • Hongfu Zou
    • 1
  • Xiangming Huang
    • 3
  • Zhixiong Zhou
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Automotive and Mechanical EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Crawler craneChangsha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Development Co. LTDChangshaChina
  3. 3.College of Mechanical and Vehicle EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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