Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 1360–1365 | Cite as

Influence of Exposure Temperature on Degradation of Magnesia Refractory by Steel Refining Slags

  • Jin Sung Han
  • Yongsug Chung
  • Joo Hyun ParkEmail author


Corrosion rate of refractory increases as the temperature increases and viscosity of slag decreases. The slag of low viscosity can more easily penetrate into the refractory materials and it causes the refractory degradation. Thus, the corrosion and/or erosion of refractory materials should be thoroughly evaluated under steelmaking conditions. In this study, the experiments were conducted using induction furnace. The steel (Fe-0.8C-0.2Si-0.4Mn-1.2Cr, wt%) and the CaO-Al2O3-8SiO2-5MgO-10CaF2 (C/A = 1.9, wt%) slag were equilibrated in a magnesia refractory at 1520 to 1650 °C. As a results, the penetration depth of slag into the magnesia refractory increased with increasing exposure temperature, which originated from a decrease in viscosity of the slag. It also confirmed that MgO particles were detached from slag/refractory interface by increasing exposure temperature.


Ladle refining slag Magnesia refractory Penetration depth Viscosity Degradation Exposure temperature 



This work was partly supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development program (Grant Number 10063056) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE), Korea. In addition, this research was partly funded by the Competency Development Program for Industry Specialists (Grant Number P0002019) of the MOTIE, Korea.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringHanyang UniversityAnsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Advanced Materials EngineeringKorea Polytechnic UniversitySiheungRepublic of Korea

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