Relationships Between Stretch-Flangeability and Microstructure-Mechanical Properties in Ultra-High-Strength Dual-Phase Steels
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To clarify the direction of microstructure design for improving stretch-flangeability, relationships of stretch-flangeability to microstructure and mechanical properties of ultra-high-strength dual-phase (DP) steels were investigated. Microstructure of relatively simple ferrite-martensite DP steels was modified by intercritical annealing, then the effects of microstructure modification on stretch-flangeability, tensile properties, and fracture resistance of the DP steels were systematically quantified. The hole-expansion ratio (HER) increased linearly with an increase the apparent fracture initiation energy, but was not significantly correlated with any individual microstructural properties of DP steels, which have been reported to correlate with HER (e.g., the fraction of martensite, the carbon content of martensite, or the hardness difference between ferrite and martensite). To increase the stretch-flangeability of an ultra-high-strength DP steels, its microstructure should be designed to increase its fracture toughness (i.e., microstructure with low mechanical heterogeneity).
KeywordsMartensite fraction Formability Hole-expansion test Apparent fracture toughness Tensile properties
This study was supported by Brain Korea 21 PLUS project for Center for Creative Industrial Materials (F16SN25D1706). Also, this work was supported by POSCO (2017Y054).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
The raw/processed data required to reproduce these findings cannot be shared at this time as the data also forms part of an ongoing study.
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