Effect of Intercritical Annealing Conditions on Grain Growth Kinetics of Dual Phase Steel

  • Fateme Najafkhani
  • Hamed Mirzadeh
  • Mehran Zamani


The study of grain coarsening and its kinetics during intercritical annealing is of vital importance for the production of dual phase (DP) steels with appropriate microstructure and properties required for industrial applications. In the present work, the kinetics of grain growth in the two-phase austenite plus ferrite region was studied based on the parabolic grain growth law. It was revealed that the thermally-activated grain growth of ferrite depends on the soaking temperature and the presence of austenite islands, where these two factors compete with each other. As a result, by increasing the temperature, initially the rate of growth increases and the activation energy of grain growth (Q) was determined as 615 kJ/mol, which indicates the high-temperature dependency. However, after the formation of a certain amount of austenite and the formation of chain-network morphology of austenite, the increase of temperature results in a decreased growth rate with the Q value of − 258 kJ/mol. This suggests that the pinning effect counteracts the temperature effect in this stage. The effect of grain size on mechanical properties and work-hardening behavior was also discussed. Higher work-hardening rate was observed for the fine-grained DP microstructures, which was found to be responsible for the better strength–ductility trade off.


Dual phase steels Intercritical annealing Microstructure Grain growth kinetics Mechanical properties 



The authors would like to greatly thank the members of the Advanced Steels and Thermomechanically Processed Engineering Materials Laboratory for their help and support. Financial support by the University of Tehran is also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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