Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 740–750 | Cite as

Effect of Aging on the Corrosion Resistance of 2209 Duplex Stainless Steel Weldments

  • Donghoon Kang
  • Nohoon Kim
  • Haewoo LeeEmail author


In this study, we investigated the correlation between the microstructure and the localized corrosion characteristics for a weld metal made up of 22Cr-9Ni duplex stainless steel (DSS) aged in the range of 400–1000 °C for 30 min. The results showed that changes in the microstructure of the DSS weldments, owing to the formation of precipitates during the aging process, affected its pitting corrosion resistance. The microstructural evolution was found to be extremely sensitive to the secondary phase precipitations such as chi (χ), sigma (σ), chromium nitride (Cr2N), and secondary austenite (γ2) in the aging range of 700–900 °C. The potentiodynamic polarization tests confirmed that the pitting potential representing the corrosion resistance decreased gradually from 500 °C, attained the lowest at 850 °C, and increased again at 900 °C. In addition, the Cr or Mo deficient area around σ phase was transformed into the secondary austenite (γ2) phase during aging where the pitting was found to occur.


Duplex stainless steel weldments Aging Precipitation Pitting corrosion Potentiodynamic polarization tests 



This study was supported by the Dong-A university research fund.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018
corrected publication February 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical Research CenterHyundai Steel Co. Ltd.DanginRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringDong-A UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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