Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 219–228 | Cite as

Liquid Metal Embrittlement of Resistance Spot Welded 1180 TRIP Steel: Effect of Electrode Force on Cracking Behavior

  • Du-Youl Choi
  • Ashutosh Sharma
  • Sang-Ho Uhm
  • Jae Pil JungEmail author


Liquid metal embrittlement (LME) caused cracking of Galvanized transformation induced plasticity steels was investigated during resistance spot welding (RSW). Effect of electrode force (3–5 kN) for a weld time of 400, and 800 ms on crack resistance of TRIP steel was examined in relation to LME phenomenon. The microstructural characteristics of spot weld joints and LME cracking tendency were investigated using dye penetration tests, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy together with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. It was found that as the electrode force increases, the crack size decreases due to a fast increase in crack tip temperature which rises further with more holding time up to 800 ms in high temperature zone. Least amount of crack size was observed at 5 kN electrode force and 400 ms of welding time. Finally, the experimental results have also been simulated by finite element modeling (FEM) to find suitable mechanism of crack formation, and a combination of 4 kN and 400 ms was suggested for the crack free and less thermal deformation in the spot welded TRIP steel.


LME Spot welding TRIP steel Crack Force Nugget Weld 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Du-Youl Choi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ashutosh Sharma
    • 2
  • Sang-Ho Uhm
    • 3
  • Jae Pil Jung
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of SeoulSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Energy Systems ResearchAjou UniversitySuwonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Welding and Joining Research GroupPOSCOIncheonRepublic of Korea

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