Metals and Materials International

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 610–617 | Cite as

Si-FeSi2/C nanocomposite anode materials produced by two-stage high-energy mechanical milling

  • Yun Mo Yang
  • Chadrasekhar Loka
  • Dong Phil Kim
  • Sin Yong Joo
  • Sung Whan Moon
  • Yi Sik Choi
  • Jung Han Park
  • Kee-Sun Lee


High capacity retention Silicon-based nanocomposite anode materials have been extensively explored for use in lithium-ion rechargeable batteries. Here we report the preparation of Si-FeSi2/C nanocomposite through scalable a two-stage high-energy mechanical milling process, in which nano-scale Si-FeSi2 powders are besieged by the carbon (graphite/amorphous phase) layer; and investigation of their structure, morphology and electrochemical performance. Raman analysis revealed that the carbon layer structure comprised of graphitic and amorphous phase rather than a single amorphous phase. Anodes fabricated with the Si-FeSi2/C showed excellent electrochemical behavior such as a first discharge capacity of 1082 mAh g-1 and a high capacity retention until the 30th cycle. A remarkable coulombic efficiency of 99.5% was achieved within a few cycles. Differential capacity plots of the Si-FeSi2/C anodes revealed a stable lithium reaction with Si for lithiation/delithiation. The enhanced electrochemical properties of the Si-FeSi2/C nanocomposite are mainly attributed to the nano-size Si and stable solid electrolyte interface formation and highly conductive path driven by the carbon layer.


anode materials lithium-ion battery silicon high-energy mechanical milling raman spectra 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun Mo Yang
    • 1
  • Chadrasekhar Loka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dong Phil Kim
    • 1
  • Sin Yong Joo
    • 1
  • Sung Whan Moon
    • 3
  • Yi Sik Choi
    • 3
  • Jung Han Park
    • 4
  • Kee-Sun Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Advanced Materials EngineeringKongju National UniversityGongjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Smart Natural Space Research CenterKongju National UniversityGongjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Research InstituteSapphire Technology Co.HwaseongRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Rare Isotope Accelerator Promotion TeamMinistry of Science, ICT and Future PlanningGwacheonRepublic of Korea

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