Asymmetric rolling can be used in order to modify material properties and to reduce forces and torques applied during deformation. This geometry of deformation is relatively easy to implement on existing industrial rolling mills and it can provide large volumes of a material. The study of microstructure, crystallographic texture and residual stress in asymmetrically rolled titanium (grade 2) is presented in this work. The above characteristics were examined using the EBSD technique and X-ray diffraction. The rolling asymmetry was realized using two identical rolls, driven by independent motors, rotating with different angular velocities. It was found that asymmetric rolling leads to microstructure modification and refinement. At low deformations one observes a process of grain size decrease caused by the asymmetry of rolling process. In contrast, at the medium range of deformations the microstructure refinement consists mainly in subgrain formation and grain fragmentation. Another observation is that for low to intermediate rolling reductions (≤40%) the predominant mechanisms are slip and twinning, while for higher deformation (>40%) the main mechanism is slip. It was found that grain refinement effect, caused by the rolling asymmetry, persists also after recrystallization annealing. And finally, texture homogenization and reduction of residual stress were confirmed for asymmetrically rolled samples.
metals asymmetric rolling electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD) twinning texture
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